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ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_new(3)               OpenSSL              ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_new(3)



NAME
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_new, ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_free, ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_set_wait_fd,
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_fd, ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_all_fds,
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_changed_fds, ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_clear_fd - functions to
       manage waiting for asynchronous jobs to complete

LIBRARY
       libcrypto, -lcrypto

SYNOPSIS
        #include <openssl/async.h>

        ASYNC_WAIT_CTX *ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_new(void);
        void ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_free(ASYNC_WAIT_CTX *ctx);
        int ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_set_wait_fd(ASYNC_WAIT_CTX *ctx, const void *key,
                                       OSSL_ASYNC_FD fd,
                                       void *custom_data,
                                       void (*cleanup)(ASYNC_WAIT_CTX *, const void *,
                                                       OSSL_ASYNC_FD, void *));
        int ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_fd(ASYNC_WAIT_CTX *ctx, const void *key,
                                  OSSL_ASYNC_FD *fd, void **custom_data);
        int ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_all_fds(ASYNC_WAIT_CTX *ctx, OSSL_ASYNC_FD *fd,
                                       size_t *numfds);
        int ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_changed_fds(ASYNC_WAIT_CTX *ctx, OSSL_ASYNC_FD *addfd,
                                           size_t *numaddfds, OSSL_ASYNC_FD *delfd,
                                           size_t *numdelfds);
        int ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_clear_fd(ASYNC_WAIT_CTX *ctx, const void *key);

DESCRIPTION
       For an overview of how asynchronous operations are implemented in
       OpenSSL see ASYNC_start_job(3). An ASYNC_WAIT_CTX object represents an
       asynchronous "session", i.e. a related set of crypto operations. For
       example in SSL terms this would have a one-to-one correspondence with
       an SSL connection.

       Application code must create an ASYNC_WAIT_CTX using the
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_new() function prior to calling ASYNC_start_job() (see
       ASYNC_start_job(3)). When the job is started it is associated with the
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX for the duration of that job. An ASYNC_WAIT_CTX should
       only be used for one ASYNC_JOB at any one time, but can be reused after
       an ASYNC_JOB has finished for a subsequent ASYNC_JOB. When the session
       is complete (e.g. the SSL connection is closed), application code
       cleans up with ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_free().

       ASYNC_WAIT_CTXs can have "wait" file descriptors associated with them.
       Calling ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_all_fds() and passing in a pointer to an
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX in the ctx parameter will return the wait file
       descriptors associated with that job in *fd. The number of file
       descriptors returned will be stored in *numfds. It is the caller's
       responsibility to ensure that sufficient memory has been allocated in
       *fd to receive all the file descriptors. Calling
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_all_fds() with a NULL fd value will return no file
       descriptors but will still populate *numfds. Therefore application code
       is typically expected to call this function twice: once to get the
       number of fds, and then again when sufficient memory has been
       allocated. If only one asynchronous engine is being used then normally
       this call will only ever return one fd. If multiple asynchronous
       engines are being used then more could be returned.

       The function ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_changed_fds() can be used to detect if
       any fds have changed since the last call time ASYNC_start_job()
       returned an ASYNC_PAUSE result (or since the ASYNC_WAIT_CTX was created
       if no ASYNC_PAUSE result has been received). The numaddfds and
       numdelfds parameters will be populated with the number of fds added or
       deleted respectively. *addfd and *delfd will be populated with the list
       of added and deleted fds respectively. Similarly to
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_all_fds() either of these can be NULL, but if they
       are not NULL then the caller is responsible for ensuring sufficient
       memory is allocated.

       Implementors of async aware code (e.g. engines) are encouraged to
       return a stable fd for the lifetime of the ASYNC_WAIT_CTX in order to
       reduce the "churn" of regularly changing fds - although no guarantees
       of this are provided to applications.

       Applications can wait for the file descriptor to be ready for "read"
       using a system function call such as select or poll (being ready for
       "read" indicates that the job should be resumed). If no file descriptor
       is made available then an application will have to periodically "poll"
       the job by attempting to restart it to see if it is ready to continue.

       Async aware code (e.g. engines) can get the current ASYNC_WAIT_CTX from
       the job via ASYNC_get_wait_ctx(3) and provide a file descriptor to use
       for waiting on by calling ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_set_wait_fd(). Typically this
       would be done by an engine immediately prior to calling
       ASYNC_pause_job() and not by end user code.  An existing association
       with a file descriptor can be obtained using ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_fd()
       and cleared using ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_clear_fd(). Both of these functions
       requires a key value which is unique to the async aware code.  This
       could be any unique value but a good candidate might be the ENGINE *
       for the engine. The custom_data parameter can be any value, and will be
       returned in a subsequent call to ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_fd(). The
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_set_wait_fd() function also expects a pointer to a
       "cleanup" routine. This can be NULL but if provided will automatically
       get called when the ASYNC_WAIT_CTX is freed, and gives the engine the
       opportunity to close the fd or any other resources. Note: The "cleanup"
       routine does not get called if the fd is cleared directly via a call to
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_clear_fd().

       An example of typical usage might be an async capable engine. User code
       would initiate cryptographic operations. The engine would initiate
       those operations asynchronously and then call
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_set_wait_fd() followed by ASYNC_pause_job() to return
       control to the user code. The user code can then perform other tasks or
       wait for the job to be ready by calling "select" or other similar
       function on the wait file descriptor. The engine can signal to the user
       code that the job should be resumed by making the wait file descriptor
       "readable". Once resumed the engine should clear the wake signal on the
       wait file descriptor.

RETURN VALUES
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_new() returns a pointer to the newly allocated
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX or NULL on error.

       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_set_wait_fd, ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_fd,
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_all_fds, ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_changed_fds and
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_clear_fd all return 1 on success or 0 on error.

NOTES
       On Windows platforms the openssl/async.h header is dependent on some of
       the types customarily made available by including windows.h. The
       application developer is likely to require control over when the latter
       is included, commonly as one of the first included headers. Therefore
       it is defined as an application developer's responsibility to include
       windows.h prior to async.h.

SEE ALSO
       crypto(7), ASYNC_start_job(3)

HISTORY
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_new, ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_free, ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_set_wait_fd,
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_fd, ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_all_fds,
       ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_get_changed_fds, ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_clear_fd were first
       added to OpenSSL 1.1.0.

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright 2016 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

       Licensed under the OpenSSL license (the "License").  You may not use
       this file except in compliance with the License.  You can obtain a copy
       in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at
       <https://www.openssl.org/source/license.html>.



1.1.1                             2018-09-17             ASYNC_WAIT_CTX_new(3)