Updated: 2021/Apr/14

EVP_SealInit(3) OpenSSL EVP_SealInit(3)NAMEEVP_SealInit, EVP_SealUpdate, EVP_SealFinal - EVP envelope encryptionLIBRARYlibcrypto, -lcryptoSYNOPSIS#include <openssl/evp.h> int EVP_SealInit(EVP_CIPHER_CTX *ctx, const EVP_CIPHER *type, unsigned char **ek, int *ekl, unsigned char *iv, EVP_PKEY **pubk, int npubk); int EVP_SealUpdate(EVP_CIPHER_CTX *ctx, unsigned char *out, int *outl, unsigned char *in, int inl); int EVP_SealFinal(EVP_CIPHER_CTX *ctx, unsigned char *out, int *outl);DESCRIPTIONThe EVP envelope routines are a high-level interface to envelope encryption. They generate a random key and IV (if required) then "envelope" it by using public key encryption. Data can then be encrypted using this key.EVP_SealInit()initializes a cipher contextctxfor encryption with ciphertypeusing a random secret key and IV.typeis normally supplied by a function such asEVP_aes_256_cbc(). The secret key is encrypted using one or more public keys, this allows the same encrypted data to be decrypted using any of the corresponding private keys.ekis an array of buffers where the public key encrypted secret key will be written, each buffer must contain enough room for the corresponding encrypted key: that isek[i]must have room forEVP_PKEY_size(pubk[i])bytes. The actual size of each encrypted secret key is written to the arrayekl.pubkis an array ofnpubkpublic keys. Theivparameter is a buffer where the generated IV is written to. It must contain enough room for the corresponding cipher's IV, as determined by (for example) EVP_CIPHER_iv_length(type). If the cipher does not require an IV then theivparameter is ignored and can beNULL.EVP_SealUpdate()andEVP_SealFinal()have exactly the same properties as theEVP_EncryptUpdate()andEVP_EncryptFinal()routines, as documented on theEVP_EncryptInit(3) manual page.RETURNVALUESEVP_SealInit()returns 0 on error ornpubkif successful.EVP_SealUpdate()andEVP_SealFinal()return 1 for success and 0 for failure.NOTESBecause a random secret key is generated the random number generator must be seeded whenEVP_SealInit()is called. If the automatic seeding or reseeding of the OpenSSL CSPRNG fails due to external circumstances (seeRAND(7)), the operation will fail. The public key must be RSA because it is the only OpenSSL public key algorithm that supports key transport. Envelope encryption is the usual method of using public key encryption on large amounts of data, this is because public key encryption is slow but symmetric encryption is fast. So symmetric encryption is used for bulk encryption and the small random symmetric key used is transferred using public key encryption. It is possible to callEVP_SealInit()twice in the same way asEVP_EncryptInit(). The first call should havenpubkset to 0 and (after setting any cipher parameters) it should be called again withtypeset to NULL.SEEALSOevp(7),RAND_bytes(3),EVP_EncryptInit(3),EVP_OpenInit(3),RAND(7)COPYRIGHTCopyright 2000-2020 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved. Licensed under the OpenSSL license (the "License"). You may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You can obtain a copy in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at <https://www.openssl.org/source/license.html>. 1.1.1i 2020-12-10 EVP_SealInit(3)