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RMD160(3)                  Library Functions Manual                  RMD160(3)

     RMD160Init, RMD160Update, RMD160Final, RMD160Transform, RMD160End,
     RMD160File, RMD160Data - calculate the ``RIPEMD-160'' message digest

     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <rmd160.h>

     RMD160Init(RMD160_CTX *context);

     RMD160Update(RMD160_CTX *context, const u_char *data, u_int nbytes);

     RMD160Final(u_char digest[20], RMD160_CTX *context);

     RMD160Transform(uint32_t state[5], const uint32_t block[16]);

     char *
     RMD160End(RMD160_CTX *context, char *buf);

     char *
     RMD160File(char *filename, char *buf);

     char *
     RMD160Data(u_char *data, size_t len, char *buf);

     The RMD160 functions implement the 160-bit RIPE message digest hash
     algorithm (RMD-160).  RMD-160 is used to generate a condensed
     representation of a message called a message digest.  The algorithm takes
     a message less than 2^64 bits as input and produces a 160-bit digest
     suitable for use as a digital signature.

     The RMD160 functions are considered to be more secure than the md4(3) and
     md5(3) functions and at least as secure as the sha1(3) function.  All
     share a similar interface.

     The RMD160Init() function initializes a RMD160_CTX context for use with
     RMD160Update(), and RMD160Final().  The RMD160Update() function adds data
     of length nbytes to the RMD160_CTX specified by context.  RMD160Final()
     is called when all data has been added via RMD160Update() and stores a
     message digest in the digest parameter.  When a null pointer is passed to
     RMD160Final() as first argument only the final padding will be applied
     and the current context can still be used with RMD160Update().

     The RMD160Transform() function is used by RMD160Update() to hash 512-bit
     blocks and forms the core of the algorithm.  Most programs should use the
     interface provided by RMD160Init(), RMD160Update() and RMD160Final()
     instead of calling RMD160Transform() directly.

     The RMD160End() function is a front end for RMD160Final() which converts
     the digest into an ASCII representation of the 160 bit digest in

     The RMD160File() function calculates the digest for a file and returns
     the result via RMD160End().  If RMD160File() is unable to open the file a
     NULL pointer is returned.

     The RMD160Data() function calculates the digest of an arbitrary string
     and returns the result via RMD160End().

     For each of the RMD160End(), RMD160File(), and RMD160Data() functions the
     buf parameter should either be a string of at least 41 characters in size
     or a NULL pointer.  In the latter case, space will be dynamically
     allocated via malloc(3) and should be freed using free(3) when it is no
     longer needed.

     The follow code fragment will calculate the digest for the string "abc"
     which is ``0x8eb208f7e05d987a9b044a8e98c6b087f15a0bfc''.

           RMD160_CTX rmd;
           u_char results[20];
           char *buf;
           int n;

           buf = "abc";
           n = strlen(buf);
           RMD160Update(&rmd, (u_char *)buf, n);
           RMD160Final(results, &rmd);

           /* Print the digest as one long hex value */
           for (n = 0; n < 20; n++)
                   printf("%02x", results[n]);

     Alternately, the helper functions could be used in the following way:

           RMD160_CTX rmd;
           u_char output[41];
           char *buf = "abc";

           printf("0x%s\n", RMD160Data(buf, strlen(buf), output));

     rmd160(1), md4(3), md5(3), sha1(3)

     H. Dobbertin, A. Bosselaers, B. Preneel, RIPEMD-160, a strengthened
     version of RIPEMD.

     Information technology - Security techniques - Hash-functions - Part 3:
     Dedicated hash-functions, ISO/IEC 10118-3.

     H. Dobbertin, A. Bosselaers, B. Preneel, "The RIPEMD-160 cryptographic
     hash function", Dr. Dobb's Journal, Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 24-28, January

     The RMD-160 functions appeared in OpenBSD 2.1.

     This implementation of RMD-160 was written by Antoon Bosselaers.

     The RMD160End(), RMD160File(), and RMD160Data() helper functions are
     derived from code written by Poul-Henning Kamp.

     If a message digest is to be copied to a multi-byte type (ie: an array of
     five 32-bit integers) it will be necessary to perform byte swapping on
     little endian machines such as the i386, alpha, and VAX.

NetBSD 9.99                      July 16, 1997                     NetBSD 9.99