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SSL_shutdown(3)                     OpenSSL                    SSL_shutdown(3)

       SSL_shutdown - shut down a TLS/SSL connection

       libcrypto, -lcrypto

        #include <openssl/ssl.h>

        int SSL_shutdown(SSL *ssl);

       SSL_shutdown() shuts down an active TLS/SSL connection. It sends the
       close_notify shutdown alert to the peer.

       SSL_shutdown() tries to send the close_notify shutdown alert to the
       peer.  Whether the operation succeeds or not, the SSL_SENT_SHUTDOWN
       flag is set and a currently open session is considered closed and good
       and will be kept in the session cache for further reuse.

       Note that SSL_shutdown() must not be called if a previous fatal error
       has occurred on a connection i.e. if SSL_get_error() has returned

       The shutdown procedure consists of two steps: sending of the
       close_notify shutdown alert, and reception of the peer's close_notify
       shutdown alert.  The order of those two steps depends on the

       It is acceptable for an application to only send its shutdown alert and
       then close the underlying connection without waiting for the peer's
       response.  This way resources can be saved, as the process can already
       terminate or serve another connection.  This should only be done when
       it is known that the other side will not send more data, otherwise
       there is a risk of a truncation attack.

       When a client only writes and never reads from the connection, and the
       server has sent a session ticket to establish a session, the client
       might not be able to resume the session because it did not received and
       process the session ticket from the server.  In case the application
       wants to be able to resume the session, it is recommended to do a
       complete shutdown procedure (bidirectional close_notify alerts).

       When the underlying connection shall be used for more communications,
       the complete shutdown procedure must be performed, so that the peers
       stay synchronized.

       SSL_shutdown() only closes the write direction.  It is not possible to
       call SSL_write() after calling SSL_shutdown().  The read direction is
       closed by the peer.

   First to close the connection
       When the application is the first party to send the close_notify alert,
       SSL_shutdown() will only send the alert and then set the
       SSL_SENT_SHUTDOWN flag (so that the session is considered good and will
       be kept in the cache).  If successful, SSL_shutdown() will return 0.

       If a unidirectional shutdown is enough (the underlying connection shall
       be closed anyway), this first successful call to SSL_shutdown() is

       In order to complete the bidirectional shutdown handshake, the peer
       needs to send back a close_notify alert.  The SSL_RECEIVED_SHUTDOWN
       flag will be set after receiving and processing it.

       The peer is still allowed to send data after receiving the close_notify
       event.  When it is done sending data, it will send the close_notify
       alert.  SSL_read() should be called until all data is received.
       SSL_read() will indicate the end of the peer data by returning <= 0 and
       SSL_get_error() returning SSL_ERROR_ZERO_RETURN.

   Peer closes the connection
       If the peer already sent the close_notify alert and it was already
       processed implicitly inside another function (SSL_read(3)), the
       SSL_RECEIVED_SHUTDOWN flag is set.  SSL_read() will return <= 0 in that
       case, and SSL_get_error() will return SSL_ERROR_ZERO_RETURN.
       SSL_shutdown() will send the close_notify alert, set the
       SSL_SENT_SHUTDOWN flag.  If successful, SSL_shutdown() will return 1.

       Whether SSL_RECEIVED_SHUTDOWN is already set can be checked using the
       SSL_get_shutdown() (see also SSL_set_shutdown(3) call.

       The behaviour of SSL_shutdown() additionally depends on the underlying
       BIO. If the underlying BIO is blocking, SSL_shutdown() will only return
       once the handshake step has been finished or an error occurred.

       If the underlying BIO is nonblocking, SSL_shutdown() will also return
       when the underlying BIO could not satisfy the needs of SSL_shutdown()
       to continue the handshake. In this case a call to SSL_get_error() with
       the return value of SSL_shutdown() will yield SSL_ERROR_WANT_READ or
       SSL_ERROR_WANT_WRITE. The calling process then must repeat the call
       after taking appropriate action to satisfy the needs of SSL_shutdown().
       The action depends on the underlying BIO. When using a nonblocking
       socket, nothing is to be done, but select() can be used to check for
       the required condition. When using a buffering BIO, like a BIO pair,
       data must be written into or retrieved out of the BIO before being able
       to continue.

       After SSL_shutdown() returned 0, it is possible to call SSL_shutdown()
       again to wait for the peer's close_notify alert.  SSL_shutdown() will
       return 1 in that case.  However, it is recommended to wait for it using
       SSL_read() instead.

       SSL_shutdown() can be modified to only set the connection to "shutdown"
       state but not actually send the close_notify alert messages, see
       SSL_CTX_set_quiet_shutdown(3).  When "quiet shutdown" is enabled,
       SSL_shutdown() will always succeed and return 1.  Note that this is not
       standard compliant behaviour.  It should only be done when the peer has
       a way to make sure all data has been received and doesn't wait for the
       close_notify alert message, otherwise an unexpected EOF will be

       There are implementations that do not send the required close_notify
       alert.  If there is a need to communicate with such an implementation,
       and it's clear that all data has been received, do not wait for the
       peer's close_notify alert.  Waiting for the close_notify alert when the
       peer just closes the connection will result in an error being

       The following return values can occur:

       0   The shutdown is not yet finished: the close_notify was sent but the
           peer did not send it back yet.  Call SSL_read() to do a
           bidirectional shutdown.

           Unlike most other function, returning 0 does not indicate an error.
           SSL_get_error(3) should not get called, it may misleadingly
           indicate an error even though no error occurred.

       1   The shutdown was successfully completed. The close_notify alert was
           sent and the peer's close_notify alert was received.

       <0  The shutdown was not successful.  Call SSL_get_error(3) with the
           return value ret to find out the reason.  It can occur if an action
           is needed to continue the operation for nonblocking BIOs.

           It can also occur when not all data was read using SSL_read().

       SSL_get_error(3), SSL_connect(3), SSL_accept(3), SSL_set_shutdown(3),
       SSL_CTX_set_quiet_shutdown(3), SSL_clear(3), SSL_free(3), ssl(7),

       Copyright 2000-2020 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

       Licensed under the OpenSSL license (the "License").  You may not use
       this file except in compliance with the License.  You can obtain a copy
       in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at

1.1.1i                            2020-12-10                   SSL_shutdown(3)