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__CONCAT(3) Library Functions Manual __CONCAT(3) NAME __CONCAT, __STRING - argument substitution SYNOPSIS #include <sys/cdefs.h> xy __CONCAT(x, y); const char * __STRING(x); DESCRIPTION The __CONCAT macro makes use of the cpp(1) preprocessor to concatenate two tokens. When the macro is expanded, x and y are combined into a single token, provided that the result forms a valid token; two tokens that together do not form a valid token can not be concatenated. This is known as "token concatenation" or "token pasting". The __STRING() macro uses the conventional `#' preprocessing operator to replace the argument x with a string literal. This is also known as "stringification". EXAMPLES The following two printf(3) calls produce the same output: #define Net 0x01 #define BSD 0x02 #define NetBSD "NetBSD" (void)printf("%s\n", __CONCAT(Net, BSD)); (void)printf("%s%s\n", __STRING(Net), __STRING(BSD)); SEE ALSO cpp(1), cdefs(3) HISTORY The __CONCAT() and __STRING() macros first appeared in NetBSD 1.3. CAVEATS Many small details direct the proper use of the macros. For example, while all leading and trailing whitespace is ignored when __STRING() is used, it is undefined whether cpp(1) puts white space between the tokens when __CONCAT() is used. It can be also noted that the C preprocessor converts all comments to whitespace before any macros are even considered. The use of either macro is discouraged in complex constructs. Use of this macro is non-portable; this is part of the implementation namespace and should only be used in NetBSD code. NetBSD 8.99.34 October 17, 2013 NetBSD 8.99.34