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ARCHIVE_WRITE_DISK(3)      Library Functions Manual      ARCHIVE_WRITE_DISK(3)

NAME
     archive_write_disk_new, archive_write_disk_set_options,
     archive_write_disk_set_skip_file, archive_write_disk_set_group_lookup,
     archive_write_disk_set_standard_lookup,
     archive_write_disk_set_user_lookup - functions for creating objects on
     disk

LIBRARY
     Streaming Archive Library (libarchive, -larchive)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <archive.h>

     struct archive *
     archive_write_disk_new(void);

     int
     archive_write_disk_set_options(struct archive *, int flags);

     int
     archive_write_disk_set_skip_file(struct archive *, dev_t, ino_t);

     int
     archive_write_disk_set_group_lookup(struct archive *, void *,
         gid_t (*)(void *, const char *gname, gid_t gid),
         void (*cleanup)(void *));

     int
     archive_write_disk_set_standard_lookup(struct archive *);

     int
     archive_write_disk_set_user_lookup(struct archive *, void *,
         uid_t (*)(void *, const char *uname, uid_t uid),
         void (*cleanup)(void *));

DESCRIPTION
     These functions provide a complete API for creating objects on disk from
     struct archive_entry descriptions.  They are most naturally used when
     extracting objects from an archive using the archive_read() interface.
     The general process is to read struct archive_entry objects from an
     archive, then write those objects to a struct archive object created
     using the archive_write_disk() family functions.  This interface is
     deliberately very similar to the archive_write() interface used to write
     objects to a streaming archive.

     archive_write_disk_new()
             Allocates and initializes a struct archive object suitable for
             writing objects to disk.

     archive_write_disk_set_skip_file()
             Records the device and inode numbers of a file that should not be
             overwritten.  This is typically used to ensure that an extraction
             process does not overwrite the archive from which objects are
             being read.  This capability is technically unnecessary but can
             be a significant performance optimization in practice.

     archive_write_disk_set_options()
             The options field consists of a bitwise OR of one or more of the
             following values:
             ARCHIVE_EXTRACT_ACL
                     Attempt to restore Access Control Lists.  By default,
                     extended ACLs are ignored.
             ARCHIVE_EXTRACT_CLEAR_NOCHANGE_FFLAGS
                     Before removing a file system object prior to replacing
                     it, clear platform-specific file flags which might
                     prevent its removal.
             ARCHIVE_EXTRACT_FFLAGS
                     Attempt to restore file attributes (file flags).  By
                     default, file attributes are ignored.  See chattr(1)
                     (Linux) or chflags(1) (FreeBSD, Mac OS X) for more
                     information on file attributes.
             ARCHIVE_EXTRACT_MAC_METADATA
                     Mac OS X specific. Restore metadata using copyfile(3).
                     By default, copyfile(3) metadata is ignored.
             ARCHIVE_EXTRACT_NO_OVERWRITE
                     Existing files on disk will not be overwritten.  By
                     default, existing regular files are truncated and
                     overwritten; existing directories will have their
                     permissions updated; other pre-existing objects are
                     unlinked and recreated from scratch.
             ARCHIVE_EXTRACT_OWNER
                     The user and group IDs should be set on the restored
                     file.  By default, the user and group IDs are not
                     restored.
             ARCHIVE_EXTRACT_PERM
                     Full permissions (including SGID, SUID, and sticky bits)
                     should be restored exactly as specified, without obeying
                     the current umask.  Note that SUID and SGID bits can only
                     be restored if the user and group ID of the object on
                     disk are correct.  If ARCHIVE_EXTRACT_OWNER is not
                     specified, then SUID and SGID bits will only be restored
                     if the default user and group IDs of newly-created
                     objects on disk happen to match those specified in the
                     archive entry.  By default, only basic permissions are
                     restored, and umask is obeyed.
             ARCHIVE_EXTRACT_SECURE_NOABSOLUTEPATHS
                     Refuse to extract an absolute path.  The default is to
                     not refuse such paths.
             ARCHIVE_EXTRACT_SECURE_NODOTDOT
                     Refuse to extract a path that contains a .. element
                     anywhere within it.  The default is to not refuse such
                     paths.  Note that paths ending in .. always cause an
                     error, regardless of this flag.
             ARCHIVE_EXTRACT_SECURE_SYMLINKS
                     Refuse to extract any object whose final location would
                     be altered by a symlink on disk.  This is intended to
                     help guard against a variety of mischief caused by
                     archives that (deliberately or otherwise) extract files
                     outside of the current directory.  The default is not to
                     perform this check.  If
             ARCHIVE_EXTRACT_SPARSE
                     Scan data for blocks of NUL bytes and try to recreate
                     them with holes.  This results in sparse files,
                     independent of whether the archive format supports or
                     uses them.  ARCHIVE_EXTRACT_UNLINK is specified together
                     with this option, the library will remove any
                     intermediate symlinks it finds and return an error only
                     if such symlink could not be removed.
             ARCHIVE_EXTRACT_TIME
                     The timestamps (mtime, ctime, and atime) should be
                     restored.  By default, they are ignored.  Note that
                     restoring of atime is not currently supported.
             ARCHIVE_EXTRACT_UNLINK
                     Existing files on disk will be unlinked before any
                     attempt to create them.  In some cases, this can prove to
                     be a significant performance improvement.  By default,
                     existing files are truncated and rewritten, but the file
                     is not recreated.  In particular, the default behavior
                     does not break existing hard links.
             ARCHIVE_EXTRACT_XATTR
                     Attempt to restore extended file attributes.  By default,
                     they are ignored.  See xattr(7) (Linux), xattr(2) (Mac OS
                     X), or getextattr(8) (FreeBSD) for more information on
                     extended file attributes.

     archive_write_disk_set_group_lookup(),
             archive_write_disk_set_user_lookup()
             The struct archive_entry objects contain both names and ids that
             can be used to identify users and groups.  These names and ids
             describe the ownership of the file itself and also appear in ACL
             lists.  By default, the library uses the ids and ignores the
             names, but this can be overridden by registering user and group
             lookup functions.  To register, you must provide a lookup
             function which accepts both a name and id and returns a suitable
             id.  You may also provide a void * pointer to a private data
             structure and a cleanup function for that data.  The cleanup
             function will be invoked when the struct archive object is
             destroyed.

     archive_write_disk_set_standard_lookup()
             This convenience function installs a standard set of user and
             group lookup functions.  These functions use getpwnam(3) and
             getgrnam(3) to convert names to ids, defaulting to the ids if the
             names cannot be looked up.  These functions also implement a
             simple memory cache to reduce the number of calls to getpwnam(3)
             and getgrnam(3).
     More information about the struct archive object and the overall design
     of the library can be found in the libarchive(3) overview.  Many of these
     functions are also documented under archive_write(3).

RETURN VALUES
     Most functions return ARCHIVE_OK (zero) on success, or one of several
     non-zero error codes for errors.  Specific error codes include:
     ARCHIVE_RETRY for operations that might succeed if retried, ARCHIVE_WARN
     for unusual conditions that do not prevent further operations, and
     ARCHIVE_FATAL for serious errors that make remaining operations
     impossible.

     archive_write_disk_new() returns a pointer to a newly-allocated struct
     archive object.

     archive_write_data() returns a count of the number of bytes actually
     written, or -1 on error.

ERRORS
     Detailed error codes and textual descriptions are available from the
     archive_errno() and archive_error_string() functions.

SEE ALSO
     archive_read(3), archive_write(3), tar(1), libarchive(3)

HISTORY
     The libarchive library first appeared in FreeBSD 5.3.  The
     archive_write_disk interface was added to libarchive 2.0 and first
     appeared in FreeBSD 6.3.

AUTHORS
     The libarchive library was written by Tim Kientzle <kientzle@acm.org>.

BUGS
     Directories are actually extracted in two distinct phases.  Directories
     are created during archive_write_header(), but final permissions are not
     set until archive_write_close().  This separation is necessary to
     correctly handle borderline cases such as a non-writable directory
     containing files, but can cause unexpected results.  In particular,
     directory permissions are not fully restored until the archive is closed.
     If you use chdir(2) to change the current directory between calls to
     archive_read_extract() or before calling archive_read_close(), you may
     confuse the permission-setting logic with the result that directory
     permissions are restored incorrectly.

     The library attempts to create objects with filenames longer than
     PATH_MAX by creating prefixes of the full path and changing the current
     directory.  Currently, this logic is limited in scope; the fixup pass
     does not work correctly for such objects and the symlink security check
     option disables the support for very long pathnames.

     Restoring the path aa/../bb does create each intermediate directory.  In
     particular, the directory aa is created as well as the final object bb.
     In theory, this can be exploited to create an entire directory hierarchy
     with a single request.  Of course, this does not work if the
     ARCHIVE_EXTRACT_NODOTDOT option is specified.

     Implicit directories are always created obeying the current umask.
     Explicit objects are created obeying the current umask unless
     ARCHIVE_EXTRACT_PERM is specified, in which case they current umask is
     ignored.

     SGID and SUID bits are restored only if the correct user and group could
     be set.  If ARCHIVE_EXTRACT_OWNER is not specified, then no attempt is
     made to set the ownership.  In this case, SGID and SUID bits are restored
     only if the user and group of the final object happen to match those
     specified in the entry.

     The "standard" user-id and group-id lookup functions are not the defaults
     because getgrnam(3) and getpwnam(3) are sometimes too large for
     particular applications.  The current design allows the application
     author to use a more compact implementation when appropriate.

     There should be a corresponding archive_read_disk interface that walks a
     directory hierarchy and returns archive entry objects.

NetBSD 8.99.34                   April 3, 2017                  NetBSD 8.99.34