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CHGRP(1)                    General Commands Manual                   CHGRP(1)

     chgrp - change group

     chgrp [-R [-H | -L | -P]] [-dfhv] group file ...
     chgrp [-R [-H | -L | -P]] [-dfhv] --reference=rfile file ...

     The chgrp utility sets the group ID of the file named by each file
     operand to the group ID specified by the group operand, or to the group
     of the given rfile, specified by the --reference argument.


     -H      If the -R option is specified, symbolic links on the command line
             are followed.  (Symbolic links encountered in the tree traversal
             are not followed.)

     -L      If the -R option is specified, all symbolic links are followed.

     -P      If the -R option is specified, no symbolic links are followed.

     -R      Change the group ID for the file hierarchies rooted in the files
             instead of just the files themselves.

     -d      Do not attempt to update a file's group, nor update the file's
             set-user-id or set-group-id bits if they are already set to the
             desired values.

     -f      The force option ignores errors, except for usage errors and
             doesn't query about strange modes (unless the user does not have
             proper permissions).

     -h      If file is a symbolic link, the group of the link is changed.

     -v      Cause chgrp to be verbose, showing files as they are processed.

     If -h is not given, unless the -H or -L option is set, chgrp on a
     symbolic link always succeeds and has no effect.  The -H, -L and -P
     options are ignored unless the -R option is specified.  In addition,
     these options override each other and the command's actions are
     determined by the last one specified.  The default is as if the -P option
     had been specified.

     The group operand can be either a group name from the group database, or
     a numeric group ID.  Since it is valid to have a group name that is
     numeric (and doesn't have the numeric ID that matches its name) the name
     lookup is always done first.  Preceding the ID with a ``#'' character
     will force it to be taken as a number.

     The user invoking chgrp must belong to the specified group and be the
     owner of the file, or be the super-user.

     Unless invoked by the super-user, chgrp clears the set-user-id and set-
     group-id bits on a file to prevent accidental or mischievous creation of
     set-user-id or set-group-id programs.

     /etc/group  Group ID file

     The chgrp utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.

     chown(2), lchown(2), fts(3), group(5), passwd(5), symlink(7), chown(8)

     The chgrp utility is expected to be POSIX 1003.2 compatible.

     The -v and -d options and the use of ``#'' to force a numeric group ID
     are extensions to IEEE Std 1003.2 ("POSIX.2").

NetBSD 10.99                     May 19, 2023                     NetBSD 10.99