Updated: 2021/Apr/14

DATE(1)                     General Commands Manual                    DATE(1)

     date - display or set date and time

     date [-ajnu] [-d date] [-r seconds] [+format]

     date displays the current date and time when invoked without arguments.
     Providing arguments will format the date and time in a user-defined way
     or set the date.  Only the superuser may set the date.

     The options are as follows:

     -a      Use adjtime(2) to change the local system time slowly,
             maintaining it as a monotonically increasing function.  -a
             implies -n.

     -d date
             Parse the provided human-described date and time and display the
             result without actually changing the system clock.  (See
             parsedate(3) for examples.)

     -j      Parse the provided canonical representation of date and time
             (described below) and display the result without actually
             changing the system clock.

     -n      The utility timed(8) is used to synchronize the clocks on groups
             of machines.  By default, if timed(8) is running, date will set
             the time on all of the machines in the local group.  The -n
             option stops date from setting the time for other than the
             current machine.

     -r seconds
             Print out the date and time that is seconds from the Epoch.

     -u      Display or set the date in UTC (universal) time.

     An operand with a leading plus (+) sign signals a user-defined format
     string which specifies the format in which to display the date and time.
     The format string may contain any of the conversion specifications
     described in the strftime(3) manual page, as well as any arbitrary text.
     A <newline> character is always output after the characters specified by
     the format string.  The format string for the default display is:

           %a %b %e %H:%M:%S %Z %Y

     If an operand does not have a leading plus sign, it is interpreted as a
     value for setting the system's notion of the current date and time.  The
     canonical representation for setting the date and time is:

           CC      The first two digits of the year (the century).
           yy      The second two digits of the year.  If yy is specified, but
                   CC is not, a value for yy between 69 and 99 results in a CC
                   value of 19.  Otherwise, a CC value of 20 is used.
           mm      The month of the year, from 01 to 12.
           dd      The day of the month, from 01 to 31.
           HH      The hour of the day, from 00 to 23.
           MM      The minute of the hour, from 00 to 59.
           SS      The second of the minute, from 00 to 60.

     Everything but the minutes is optional.

     Time changes for Daylight Saving and Standard Time and leap seconds and
     years are handled automatically.

     The following environment variables affect the execution of date:

     TZ   The timezone to use when displaying dates.  See environ(7) for more

     /etc/localtime                  Symlink pointing to system's default
                                     timezone information file in
                                     /usr/share/zoneinfo directory.
     /usr/lib/locale/<L>/LC_TIME     Description of time locale <L>.
     /usr/share/zoneinfo             Time zone information directory.
     /usr/share/zoneinfo/posixrules  Used with POSIX-style TZ's.
     /usr/share/zoneinfo/GMT         For UTC leap seconds.
     /var/log/wtmp                   A record of date resets and time changes.
     /var/log/messages               A record of the user setting the time.

     If /usr/share/zoneinfo/GMT is absent, UTC leap seconds are loaded from

     The command:

           date '+DATE: %m/%d/%y%nTIME: %H:%M:%S'

     will display:

           DATE: 11/21/87
           TIME: 13:36:16

     The command:

           date 8506131627

     sets the date to "June 13, 1985, 4:27 PM".

     The command:

           date 1432

     sets the time to 2:32 PM, without modifying the date.

     Exit status is 0 on success, 1 if unable to set the date, and 2 if able
     to set the local date, but unable to set it globally.

     Occasionally, when timed(8) synchronizes the time on many hosts, the
     setting of a new time value may require more than a few seconds.  On
     these occasions, date prints: `Network time being set'.  The message
     `Communication error with' timed(8) occurs when the communication between
     date and timed(8) fails.

     adjtime(2), gettimeofday(2), settimeofday(2), parsedate(3), strftime(3),
     utmp(5), environ(7), timed(8)

     R. Gusella and S. Zatti, TSP: The Time Synchronization Protocol for UNIX

     The date utility is expected to be compatible with IEEE Std 1003.2

     A date utility appeared in Version 1 AT&T UNIX.

NetBSD 9.99                    January 25, 2018                    NetBSD 9.99