Updated: 2021/Apr/14


DDNS-CONFGEN(8)                     BIND 9                     DDNS-CONFGEN(8)



NAME
       ddns-confgen - ddns key generation tool

SYNOPSIS
       tsig-keygen [-a algorithm] [-h] [-r randomfile] [name]

       ddns-confgen [-a algorithm] [-h] [-k keyname] [-q] [-r randomfile] [-s
       name] [-z zone]

DESCRIPTION
       tsig-keygen and ddns-confgen are invocation methods for a utility that
       generates keys for use in TSIG signing. The resulting keys can be used,
       for example, to secure dynamic DNS updates to a zone or for the rndc
       command channel.

       When run as tsig-keygen, a domain name can be specified on the command
       line to be used as the name of the generated key. If no name is
       specified, the default is tsig-key.

       When run as ddns-confgen, the generated key is accompanied by
       configuration text and instructions that can be used with nsupdate and
       named when setting up dynamic DNS, including an example update-policy
       statement. (This usage is similar to the rndc-confgen command for
       setting up command-channel security.)

       Note that named itself can configure a local DDNS key for use with
       nsupdate -l; it does this when a zone is configured with update-policy
       local;. ddns-confgen is only needed when a more elaborate configuration
       is required: for instance, if nsupdate is to be used from a remote
       system.

OPTIONS

       -a algorithm
              This option specifies the algorithm to use for the TSIG key.
              Available choices are: hmac-md5, hmac-sha1, hmac-sha224,
              hmac-sha256, hmac-sha384, and hmac-sha512. The default is
              hmac-sha256. Options are case-insensitive, and the "hmac-"
              prefix may be omitted.

       -h     This option prints a short summary of options and arguments.

       -k keyname
              This option specifies the key name of the DDNS authentication
              key. The default is ddns-key when neither the -s nor -z option
              is specified; otherwise, the default is ddns-key as a separate
              label followed by the argument of the option, e.g.,
              ddns-key.example.com. The key name must have the format of a
              valid domain name, consisting of letters, digits, hyphens, and
              periods.

       -q (ddns-confgen only)
              This option enables quiet mode, which prints only the key, with
              no explanatory text or usage examples. This is essentially
              identical to tsig-keygen.

       -s name (ddns-confgen only)
              This option generates a configuration example to allow dynamic
              updates of a single hostname. The example named.conf text shows
              how to set an update policy for the specified name using the
              "name" nametype. The default key name is ddns-key.name. Note
              that the "self" nametype cannot be used, since the name to be
              updated may differ from the key name. This option cannot be used
              with the -z option.

       -z zone (ddns-confgen only)
              This option generates a configuration example to allow dynamic
              updates of a zone. The example named.conf text shows how to set
              an update policy for the specified zone using the "zonesub"
              nametype, allowing updates to all subdomain names within that
              zone.  This option cannot be used with the -s option.

SEE ALSO
       nsupdate(1), named.conf(5), named(8), BIND 9 Administrator Reference
       Manual.

AUTHOR
       Internet Systems Consortium

COPYRIGHT
       2021, Internet Systems Consortium



9.16.12                                                        DDNS-CONFGEN(8)