Updated: 2022/Sep/29

Please read Privacy Policy. It's for your privacy.

DMSETUP(8)                   MAINTENANCE COMMANDS                   DMSETUP(8)

       dmsetup - low level logical volume management

       dmsetup help [-c|-C|--columns]
       dmsetup create device_name [-u uuid] [--notable | --table <table> |
       dmsetup remove [-f|--force] device_name
       dmsetup remove_all [-f|--force]
       dmsetup suspend [--nolockfs] [--noflush] device_name
       dmsetup resume device_name
       dmsetup load device_name [--table <table> | table_file]
       dmsetup clear device_name
       dmsetup reload device_name [--table <table> | table_file]
       dmsetup rename device_name new_name
       dmsetup message device_name sector message
       dmsetup ls [--target target_type] [--exec command] [--tree [-o
       dmsetup info [device_name]
       dmsetup info -c|-C|--columns [--noheadings] [--separator separator] [-o
       fields] [-O|--sort sort_fields] [device_name]
       dmsetup deps [device_name]
       dmsetup status [--target target_type] [device_name]
       dmsetup table [--target target_type] [device_name]
       dmsetup wait device_name [event_nr]
       dmsetup mknodes [device_name]
       dmsetup targets
       dmsetup version
       dmsetup setgeometry device_name cyl head sect start

       devmap_name major minor
       devmap_name major:minor

       dmsetup manages logical devices that use the device-mapper driver.
       Devices are created by loading a table that specifies a target for each
       sector (512 bytes) in the logical device.

       The first argument to dmsetup is a command.  The second argument is the
       logical device name or uuid.

       Invoking the command as devmap_name is equivalent to
       dmsetup info -c --noheadings -j major -m minor.

              Display output in columns rather than as Field: Value lines.

       -j|--major major
              Specify the major number.

       -m|--minor minor
              Specify the minor number.

              Suppress the headings line when using columnar output.

              Tell the kernel not to supply the open reference count for the

              When creating a device, don't load any table.

              Specify which fields to display.

              Set the table being loaded read-only.

       --readahead [+]<sectors>|auto|none
              Specify read ahead size in units of sectors.  The default value
              is "auto" which allows the kernel to choose a suitable value
              automatically.  The + prefix lets you specify a minimum value
              which will not be used if it is smaller than the value chosen by
              the kernel.  "None" is equivalent to specifying zero.

       --table <table>
              Specify a one-line table directly on the command line.

              Specify the uuid.

       -v|--verbose [-v|--verbose]
              Produce additional output.

              Display the library and kernel driver version.

       create device_name [-u uuid] [--notable | --table <table> | table_file]
              Creates a device with the given name.  If table_file or <table>
              is supplied, the table is loaded and made live.  Otherwise a
              table is read from standard input unless --notable is used.  The
              optional uuid can be used in place of device_name in subsequent
              dmsetup commands.  If successful a device will appear as
              /dev/device-mapper/<device-name>.  See below for information on
              the table format.

       deps   [device_name]
              Outputs a list of (major, minor) pairs for devices referenced by
              the live table for the specified device.

       help   [-c|-C|--columns]
              Outputs a summary of the commands available, optionally
              including the list of report fields.

       info   [device_name]
              Outputs some brief information about the device in the form:
                  State: SUSPENDED|ACTIVE, READ-ONLY
                  Tables present: LIVE and/or INACTIVE
                  Open reference count
                  Last event sequence number (used by wait)
                  Major and minor device number
                  Number of targets in the live table

       info   [--noheadings] [--separator separator] [-o fields] [-O|--sort
              sort_fields] [device_name]
              Output you can customise.  Fields are comma-separated and chosen
              from the following list: name, major, minor, attr, open,
              segments, events, uuid.  Attributes are: (L)ive, (I)nactive,
              (s)uspended, (r)ead-only, read-(w)rite.  Precede the list with
              '+' to append to the default selection of columns instead of
              replacing it.  Precede any sort_field with - for a reverse sort
              on that column.

       ls     [--target target_type] [--exec command] [--tree [-o options]]
              List device names.  Optionally only list devices that have at
              least one target of the specified type.  Optionally execute a
              command for each device.  The device name is appended to the
              supplied command.  --tree displays dependencies between devices
              as a tree.  It accepts a comma-separate list of options.  Some
              specify the information displayed against each node:
              device/nodevice; active, open, rw, uuid.  Others specify how the
              tree is displayed: ascii, utf, vt100; compact, inverted,

              device_name [--table <table> | table_file]
              Loads <table> or table_file into the inactive table slot for
              device_name.  If neither is supplied, reads a table from
              standard input.

              device_name sector message
              Send message to target. If sector not needed use 0.

              Ensure that the node in /dev/mapper for device_name is correct.
              If no device_name is supplied, ensure that all nodes in
              /dev/mapper correspond to mapped devices currently loaded by the
              device-mapper kernel driver, adding, changing or removing nodes
              as necessary.

       remove [-f|--force] device_name
              Removes a device.  It will no longer be visible to dmsetup.
              Open devices cannot be removed except with older kernels that
              contain a version of device-mapper prior to 4.8.0.  In this case
              the device will be deleted when its open_count drops to zero.
              From version 4.8.0 onwards, if a device can't be removed because
              an uninterruptible process is waiting for I/O to return from it,
              adding --force will replace the table with one that fails all
              I/O, which might allow the process to be killed.

              Attempts to remove all device definitions i.e. reset the driver.
              Use with care!  From version 4.8.0 onwards, if devices can't be
              removed because uninterruptible processes are waiting for I/O to
              return from them, adding --force will replace the table with one
              that fails all I/O, which might allow the process to be killed.
              This also runs mknodes afterwards.

       rename device_name new_name
              Renames a device.

       resume device_name
              Un-suspends a device.  If an inactive table has been loaded, it
              becomes live.  Postponed I/O then gets re-queued for processing.

              device_name cyl head sect start
              Sets the device geometry to C/H/S.

       status [--target target_type] [device_name]
              Outputs status information for each of the device's targets.
              With --target, only information relating to the specified target
              type is displayed.

              [--nolockfs] [--noflush] device_name
              Suspends a device.  Any I/O that has already been mapped by the
              device but has not yet completed will be flushed.  Any further
              I/O to that device will be postponed for as long as the device
              is suspended.  If there's a filesystem on the device which
              supports the operation, an attempt will be made to sync it first
              unless --nolockfs is specified.  Some targets such as recent
              (October 2006) versions of multipath may support the --noflush
              option.  This lets outstanding I/O that has not yet reached the
              device to remain unflushed.

       table  [--target target_type] [device_name]
              Outputs the current table for the device in a format that can be
              fed back in using the create or load commands.  With --target,
              only information relating to the specified target type is

              Displays the names and versions of the currently-loaded targets.

              Outputs version information.

       wait   device_name [event_nr]
              Sleeps until the event counter for device_name exceeds event_nr.
              Use -v to see the event number returned.  To wait until the next
              event is triggered, use info to find the last event number.

       Each line of the table specifies a single target and is of the form:
           logical_start_sector num_sectors target_type target_args

       There are currently three simple target types available together with
       more complex optional ones that implement snapshots and mirrors.

       linear destination_device start_sector
              The traditional linear mapping.

              num_stripes chunk_size [destination start_sector]+
              Creates a striped area.
              e.g. striped 2 32 /dev/hda1 0 /dev/hdb1 0 will map the first
              chunk (16k) as follows:
                  LV chunk 1 -> hda1, chunk 1
                  LV chunk 2 -> hdb1, chunk 1
                  LV chunk 3 -> hda1, chunk 2
                  LV chunk 4 -> hdb1, chunk 2

              Errors any I/O that goes to this area.  Useful for testing or
              for creating devices with holes in them.

       # A table to join two disks together
       0 1028160 linear /dev/hda 0
       1028160 3903762 linear /dev/hdb 0

       # A table to stripe across the two disks,
       # and add the spare space from
       # hdb to the back of the volume

       0 2056320 striped 2 32 /dev/hda 0 /dev/hdb 0
       2056320 2875602 linear /dev/hdb 1028160

              The device directory name.  Defaults to "/dev" and must be an
              absolute path.

       Original version: Joe Thornber (thornber@sistina.com)

       Device-mapper resource page: http://sources.redhat.com/dm/

Linux                             Apr 06 2006                       DMSETUP(8)