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FSDB(8) System Manager's Manual FSDB(8) NAME fsdb - FFS debugging/editing tool SYNOPSIS fsdb [-dFn] -f fsname DESCRIPTION fsdb opens fsname (usually a raw disk partition) and runs a command loop allowing manipulation of the file system's inode data. You are prompted to enter a command with "fsdb (inum X)>" where X is the currently selected i-number. The initial selected inode is the root of the filesystem (i-number 2). The command processor uses the editline(3) library, so you can use command line editing to reduce typing if desired. When you exit the command loop, the file system superblock is marked dirty and any buffered blocks are written to the file system. The -d option enables additional debugging output (which comes primarily from fsck(8)-derived code). The -F option indicates that filesystem is a file system image, rather than a raw character device. It will be accessed `as-is', and no attempts will be made to read a disklabel. The -n option disables writing to the device, preventing any changes from being made to the filesystem. COMMANDS Besides the built-in editline(3) commands, fsdb supports these commands: help Print out the list of accepted commands. inode i-number Select inode i-number as the new current inode. back Revert to the previously current inode. clri i-number Clear the inode i-number. lookup name cd name Find name in the current directory and make its inode the current inode. Name may be a multi-component name or may begin with slash to indicate that the root inode should be used to start the lookup. If some component along the pathname is not found, the last valid directory encountered is left as the active inode. This command is valid only if the starting inode is a directory. active print Print out the active inode. uplink Increment the active inode's link count. downlink Decrement the active inode's link count. linkcount number Set the active inode's link count to number. ls List the current inode's directory entries. This command is valid only if the current inode is a directory. blks List the current inode's blocks numbers. findblk disk block number ... Find the inode(s) owning the specified disk block(s) number(s). Note that these are not absolute disk blocks numbers, but offsets from the start of the partition. rm name del name Remove the entry name from the current directory inode. This command is valid only if the current inode is a directory. ln ino name Create a link to inode ino under the name name in the current directory inode. This command is valid only if the current inode is a directory. chinum dirslot inum Change the i-number in directory entry dirslot to inum. chname dirslot name Change the name in directory entry dirslot to name. This command cannot expand a directory entry. You can only rename an entry if the name will fit into the existing directory slot. chtype type Change the type of the current inode to type. type may be one of: file, dir, socket, or fifo. chmod mode Change the mode bits of the current inode to mode. You cannot change the file type with this subcommand; use chtype to do that. chflags flags Change the file flags of the current inode to flags. chown uid Change the owner of the current inode to uid. chgrp gid Change the group of the current inode to gid. chgen gen Change the generation number of the current inode to gen. mtime time ctime time atime time Change the modification, change, or access time (respectively) on the current inode to time. Time should be in the format YYYYMMDDHHMMSS[.nsec] where nsec is an optional nanosecond specification. If no nanoseconds are specified, the mtimensec, ctimensec, or atimensec field will be set to zero. quit, q, exit, <EOF> Exit the program. SEE ALSO editline(3), fs(5), clri(8), fsck(8) HISTORY fsdb uses the source code for fsck(8) to implement most of the file system manipulation code. The remainder of fsdb first appeared in NetBSD 1.1. WARNING Use this tool with extreme caution -- you can damage an FFS file system beyond what fsck(8) can repair. BUGS Manipulation of "short" symlinks doesn't work (in particular, don't try changing a symlink's type). You must specify modes as numbers rather than symbolic names. There are a bunch of other things that you might want to do which fsdb doesn't implement. NetBSD 8.0 January 3, 2004 NetBSD 8.0