I would appreciate any donations. Wishlist or send e-mail type donations to maekawa AT daemon-systems.org.

Thank you.


GETOPT(1)                   General Commands Manual                  GETOPT(1)

NAME
     getopt -- parse command options

SYNOPSIS
     args=`getopt optstring $*`

     set -- `getopt optstring $*`

DESCRIPTION
     getopt is used to break up options in command lines for easy parsing by
     shell procedures, and to check for legal options.  [Optstring] is a
     string of recognized option letters (see getopt(3)); if a letter is
     followed by a colon, the option is expected to have an argument which may
     or may not be separated from it by white space.  The special option
     ``--'' is used to delimit the end of the options.  getopt will place
     ``--'' in the arguments at the end of the options, or recognize it if
     used explicitly.  The shell arguments ($1, $2, ...) are reset so that
     each option is preceded by a ``-'' and in its own shell argument; each
     option argument is also in its own shell argument.

     getopt should not be used in new scripts; use the shell builtin getopts
     instead.

EXAMPLES
     The following code fragment shows how one might process the arguments for
     a command that can take the options [a] and [b], and the option [c],
     which requires an argument.

           args=`getopt abc: $*`
           if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
                   echo 'Usage: ...'
                   exit 2
           fi
           set -- $args
           while [ $# -gt 0 ]; do
                   case "$1" in
                           -a|-b)
                                   flag=$1
                                   ;;
                           -c)
                                   carg=$2; shift
                                   ;;
                           --)
                                   shift; break
                                   ;;
                   esac
                   shift
           done

     This code will accept any of the following as equivalent:

           cmd -acarg file file
           cmd -a -c arg file file
           cmd -carg -a file file
           cmd -a -carg -- file file

     IEEE Std 1003.2 (``POSIX.2'') mandates that the sh(1) set command return
     the value of 0 for the exit status.  Therefore, the exit status of the
     getopt command is lost when getopt and the sh(1) set command are used on
     the same line.  The example given is one way to detect errors found by
     getopt.

DIAGNOSTICS
     getopt prints an error message on the standard error output when it
     encounters an option letter not included in [optstring].

SEE ALSO
     sh(1), getopt(3)

HISTORY
     Written by Henry Spencer, working from a Bell Labs manual page.  Behavior
     believed identical to the Bell version.

BUGS
     Whatever getopt(3) has.

     Arguments containing white space or embedded shell metacharacters
     generally will not survive intact;  this looks easy to fix but isn't.

     The error message for an invalid option is identified as coming from
     getopt rather than from the shell procedure containing the invocation of
     getopt; this again is hard to fix.

     The precise best way to use the set command to set the arguments without
     disrupting the value(s) of shell options varies from one shell version to
     another.

NetBSD 7.1.2                   November 28, 2009                  NetBSD 7.1.2