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IPI(9)                     Kernel Developer's Manual                    IPI(9)

NAME
     ipi -- MI IPI interface

SYNOPSIS
     #include <sys/ipi.h>

     typedef void (*ipi_func_t)(void *);

     u_int
     ipi_register(ipi_func_t func, void *arg);

     void
     ipi_unregister(u_int ipi_id);

     void
     ipi_trigger(u_int ipi_id, struct cpu_info *ci);

     void
     ipi_unicast(ipi_msg_t *msg, struct cpu_info *ci);

     void
     ipi_multicast(ipi_msg_t *msg, const kcpuset_t *target);

     void
     ipi_broadcast(ipi_msg_t *msg);

     void
     ipi_wait(ipi_msg_t *msg);

DESCRIPTION
     The machine-independent ipi interface provides capability to send inter-
     processor interrupts (IPIs) amongst CPUs.  The interface has two
     mechanisms: asynchronous IPI to invoke functions with a constant argument
     and synchronous IPIs with the cross-call support.

     Other synchronization interfaces are built using the MI IPI interface.
     For a general purpose inter-processor cross-calls or remote interrupts,
     use the xcall(9) or softint(9) interfaces.

     The primary use cases of the MI IPIs include the following:
     -   provide a facility for the softint(9) subsystem to schedule software
         interrupts on remote CPUs
     -   provide a facility for the xcall(9) subsystem
     -   abstract IPI handling and facilitate machine-dependent code

   Asynchronous IPI interface
     This interface allows dynamic registration of IPI handlers with a
     constant argument and asynchronous triggering of interrupts.

     ipi_register(func, arg)
              Register an IPI handler func with an arbitrary argument arg.
              Returns a non-zero IPI identifier on success and zero on
              failure.

     ipi_unregister(ipi_id)
              Unregister the IPI handler identified by the ipi_id.

     ipi_trigger(ipi_id, ci)
              Trigger an IPI identified by ipi_id on a remote CPU specified by
              ci.  This function must be called with the kernel preemption
              disabled and the target CPU must be remote.

   Synchronous IPI interface
     This interface provides capability to perform cross-calls, i.e. invoke an
     arbitrary function on a remote CPU.  The invocations are performed
     synchronously and the caller must wait for completion.  The cross-call is
     described by an IPI "message".  The caller has to fill in an ipi_msg_t
     structure which has the following public members:

             ipi_func_t      func;
             void            arg;

     The func member specifies a function to invoke and arg is the argument to
     be passed to the function.

     ipi_unicast(msg, ci)
              Send an IPI to a remote CPU specified by ci.

     ipi_multicast(msg, target)
              Send IPIs to a CPU set specified by target.

     ipi_broadcast(msg)
              Send IPIs to all CPUs.

     ipi_wait(msg)
              Wait until all IPIs complete.

     All described functions, except ipi_wait(), must be called with the
     kernel preemption disabled.  All synchronous IPI invocations must be
     completed (wait for them with the ipi_wait() function) before the IPI
     message structure can be destroyed or new cross-call requests can be
     performed.

NOTES
     Functions being called must be lightweight.  They run at IPL_HIGH and
     should generally not use any other synchronization interfaces such as
     mutex(9).  If spin-locks are used, they must be used carefully and have
     no contention.

CODE REFERENCES
     The ipi interface is implemented within the file sys/kern/subr_ipi.c.

SEE ALSO
     kcpuset(9), kpreempt(9), softint(9), spl(9), xcall(9)

HISTORY
     The ipi interface first appeared in NetBSD 7.0.

AUTHORS
     Mindaugas Rasiukevicius <rmind@NetBSD.org>

NetBSD 7.1.2                     May 25, 2014                     NetBSD 7.1.2