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IPI(9) Kernel Developer's Manual IPI(9) NAME ipi - MI IPI interface SYNOPSIS #include <sys/ipi.h> typedef void (*ipi_func_t)(void *); u_int ipi_register(ipi_func_t func, void *arg); void ipi_unregister(u_int ipi_id); void ipi_trigger(u_int ipi_id, struct cpu_info *ci); void ipi_trigger_multi(u_int ipi_id, const kcpuset_t *target); void ipi_trigger_broadcast(u_int ipi_id, bool skip_self); void ipi_unicast(ipi_msg_t *msg, struct cpu_info *ci); void ipi_multicast(ipi_msg_t *msg, const kcpuset_t *target); void ipi_broadcast(ipi_msg_t *msg, bool skip_self); void ipi_wait(ipi_msg_t *msg); DESCRIPTION The machine-independent ipi interface provides capability to send inter- processor interrupts (IPIs) amongst CPUs. The interface has two mechanisms: asynchronous IPI to invoke functions with a constant argument and synchronous IPIs with the cross-call support. Other synchronization interfaces are built using the MI IPI interface. For a general purpose inter-processor cross-calls or remote interrupts, use the xcall(9) or softint(9) interfaces. The primary use cases of the MI IPIs include the following: - provide a facility for the softint(9) subsystem to schedule software interrupts on remote CPUs - provide a facility for the xcall(9) subsystem - abstract IPI handling and facilitate machine-dependent code Asynchronous IPI interface This interface allows dynamic registration of IPI handlers with a constant argument and asynchronous triggering of interrupts. ipi_register(func, arg) Register an IPI handler func with an arbitrary argument arg. Returns a non-zero IPI identifier on success and zero on failure. ipi_unregister(ipi_id) Unregister the IPI handler identified by the ipi_id. ipi_trigger(ipi_id, ci) Trigger an IPI identified by ipi_id on a remote CPU specified by ci. This function must be called with kernel preemption disabled and the target CPU must be remote. ipi_trigger_multi(ipi_id, target) Trigger an IPI identified by ipi_id on all of the CPUs in the set specified by target. This function must be called with kernel preemption disabled. The sending CPU may be included in the CPU set; when this is the case, the IPI on the sending CPU is processes synchronously. ipi_trigger_broadcast(ipi_id, skip_self) Trigger an IPI identified by ipi_id on all of the attached CPUs. This function must be called with kernel preemption disabled. Optionally, the sending CPU may be skipped by passing true for skip_self. Synchronous IPI interface This interface provides capability to perform cross-calls, i.e. invoke an arbitrary function on a remote CPU. The invocations are performed synchronously and the caller must wait for completion. The cross-call is described by an IPI "message". The caller has to fill in an ipi_msg_t structure which has the following public members: ipi_func_t func; void arg; The func member specifies a function to invoke and arg is the argument to be passed to the function. ipi_unicast(msg, ci) Send an IPI to a remote CPU specified by ci. ipi_multicast(msg, target) Send IPIs to a CPU set specified by target. ipi_broadcast(msg, skip_self) Send IPIs to all CPUs. Optionally, the sending CPU may be skipped by passing true for skip_self. ipi_wait(msg) Wait until all IPIs complete. All described functions, except ipi_wait(), must be called with the kernel preemption disabled. All synchronous IPI invocations must be completed (wait for them with the ipi_wait() function) before the IPI message structure can be destroyed or new cross-call requests can be performed. NOTES Functions being called must be lightweight. They run at IPL_HIGH and should generally not use any other synchronization interfaces such as mutex(9). If spin-locks are used, they must be used carefully and have no contention. CODE REFERENCES The ipi interface is implemented within the file sys/kern/subr_ipi.c. SEE ALSO kcpuset(9), kpreempt(9), softint(9), spl(9), xcall(9) HISTORY The ipi interface first appeared in NetBSD 7.0. AUTHORS Mindaugas Rasiukevicius <rmind@NetBSD.org> NetBSD 8.99.34 March 31, 2019 NetBSD 8.99.34