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KDC(8)                      System Manager's Manual                     KDC(8)

     kdc - Kerberos 5 server

     kdc [-c file | --config-file=file] [-p | --no-require-preauth]
         [--max-request=size] [-H | --enable-http] [-r string |
         --v4-realm=string] [-P portspec | --ports=portspec] [--detach]
         [--disable-des] [--addresses=list of addresses]

     kdc serves requests for tickets.  When it starts, it first checks the
     flags passed, any options that are not specified with a command line flag
     are taken from a config file, or from a default compiled-in value.

     Options supported:

     -c file, --config-file=file
             Specifies the location of the config file, the default is
             /var/heimdal/kdc.conf.  This is the only value that can't be
             specified in the config file.

     -p, --no-require-preauth
             Turn off the requirement for pre-autentication in the initial AS-
             REQ for all principals.  The use of pre-authentication makes it
             more difficult to do offline password attacks.  You might want to
             turn it off if you have clients that don't support pre-
             authentication.  Since the version 4 protocol doesn't support any
             pre-authentication, serving version 4 clients is just about the
             same as not requiring pre-athentication.  The default is to
             require pre-authentication.  Adding the require-preauth per
             principal is a more flexible way of handling this.

             Gives an upper limit on the size of the requests that the kdc is
             willing to handle.

     -H, --enable-http
             Makes the kdc listen on port 80 and handle requests encapsulated
             in HTTP.

     -r string, --v4-realm=string
             What realm this server should act as when dealing with version 4
             requests.  The database can contain any number of realms, but
             since the version 4 protocol doesn't contain a realm for the
             server, it must be explicitly specified.  The default is whatever
             is returned by krb_get_lrealm().  This option is only available
             if the KDC has been compiled with version 4 support.

     -P portspec, --ports=portspec
             Specifies the set of ports the KDC should listen on.  It is given
             as a white-space separated list of services or port numbers.

     --addresses=list of addresses
             The list of addresses to listen for requests on.  By default, the
             kdc will listen on all the locally configured addresses.  If only
             a subset is desired, or the automatic detection fails, this
             option might be used.

             detach from pty and run as a daemon.

             disable all des encryption types, makes the kdc not use them.

     All activities are logged to one or more destinations, see krb5.conf(5),
     and krb5_openlog(3).  The entity used for logging is kdc.

     The configuration file has the same syntax as krb5.conf(5), but will be
     read before /etc/krb5.conf, so it may override settings found there.
     Options specific to the KDC only are found in the "[kdc]" section.  All
     the command-line options can preferably be added in the configuration
     file.  The only difference is the pre-authentication flag, which has to
     be specified as:

           require-preauth = no

     (in fact you can specify the option as --require-preauth=no).

     And there are some configuration options which do not have command-line

           enable-digest = boolean
                turn on support for digest processing in the KDC.  The default
                is FALSE.

           check-ticket-addresses = boolean
                Check the addresses in the ticket when processing TGS
                requests.  The default is TRUE.

           allow-null-ticket-addresses = boolean
                Permit tickets with no addresses.  This option is only
                relevant when check-ticket-addresses is TRUE.

           allow-anonymous = boolean
                Permit anonymous tickets with no addresses.

           historical_anon_realm = boolean
                Enables pre-7.0 non-RFC-comformant KDC behavior.  With this
                option set to true the client realm in anonymous pkinit AS
                replies will be the requested realm, rather than the RFC-
                conformant WELLKNOWN:ANONYMOUS realm.  This can have a
                security impact on servers that expect to grant access to
                anonymous-but-authenticated to the KDC users of the realm in
                question: they would also grant access to unauthenticated
                anonymous users.  As such, it is not recommend to set this
                option to true.

           max-kdc-datagram-reply-length = number
                Maximum packet size the UDP rely that the KDC will transmit,
                instead the KDC sends back a reply telling the client to use
                TCP instead.

           transited-policy = always-check | allow-per-principal |
                This controls how KDC requests with the
                disable-transited-check flag are handled. It can be one of:

                           Always check transited encoding, this is the

                           Currently this is identical to always-check.  In a
                           future release, it will be possible to mark a
                           principal as able to handle unchecked requests.

                           Always do what the client asked.  In a future
                           release, it will be possible to force a check per

           encode_as_rep_as_tgs_rep = boolean
                Encode AS-Rep as TGS-Rep to be bug-compatible with old DCE
                code.  The Heimdal clients allow both.

           kdc_warn_pwexpire = time
                How long before password/principal expiration the KDC should
                start sending out warning messages.

     The configuration file is only read when the kdc is started.  If changes
     made to the configuration file are to take effect, the kdc needs to be

     An example of a config file:

                   require-preauth = no
                   v4-realm = FOO.SE

     If the machine running the KDC has new addresses added to it, the KDC
     will have to be restarted to listen to them.  The reason it doesn't just
     listen to wildcarded (like INADDR_ANY) addresses, is that the replies has
     to come from the same address they were sent to, and most OS:es doesn't
     pass this information to the application.  If your normal mode of
     operation require that you add and remove addresses, the best option is
     probably to listen to a wildcarded TCP socket, and make sure your clients
     use TCP to connect.  For instance, this will listen to IPv4 TCP port 88

           kdc --addresses= --ports="88/tcp"

     There should be a way to specify protocol, port, and address triplets,
     not just addresses and protocol, port tuples.

     kinit(1), krb5.conf(5)

NetBSD 10.99                    August 24, 2006                   NetBSD 10.99