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MBLEN(3)                   Library Functions Manual                   MBLEN(3)

     mblen - get number of bytes in a multibyte character

     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

     #include <stdlib.h>

     mblen(const char *s, size_t n);

     The mblen() function usually determines the number of bytes in a
     multibyte character pointed to by s and returns it.  This function shall
     only examine max n bytes of the array beginning from s.

     In state-dependent encodings, s may point the special sequence bytes to
     change the shift-state.  Although such sequence bytes corresponds to no
     individual wide-character code, the mblen() changes the own state by them
     and treats them as if they are a part of the subsequent multibyte

     Unlike mbrlen(3), the first n bytes pointed to by s need to form an
     entire multibyte character.  Otherwise, this function causes an error.

     mblen() is equivalent to the following call, except the internal state of
     the mbtowc(3) function is not affected:

           mbtowc(NULL, s, n);

     Calling any other functions in Standard C Library (libc, -lc) never
     changes the internal state of mblen(), except for calling setlocale(3)
     with the LC_CTYPE category changed to that of the current locale.  Such
     setlocale(3) calls cause the internal state of this function to be

     The behaviour of mblen() is affected by the LC_CTYPE category of the
     current locale.

     These are the special cases:

     s == NULL   mblen() initializes its own internal state to an initial
                 state, and determines whether the current encoding is state-
                 dependent.  This function returns 0 if the encoding is state-
                 independent, otherwise non-zero.

     n == 0      In this case, the first n bytes of the array pointed to by s
                 never form a complete character.  Thus, mblen() always fails.

     Normally, mblen() returns:

     0           s points to a nul byte (`\0').

     positive    The value returned is a number of bytes for the valid
                 multibyte character pointed to by s.  There are no cases that
                 this value is greater than n or the value of the MB_CUR_MAX

     -1          s points to an invalid or incomplete multibyte character.
                 The mblen() also sets errno to indicate the error.

     When s is equal to NULL, the mblen() returns:

     0           The current encoding is state-independent.

     non-zero    The current encoding is state-dependent.

     mblen() may cause an error in the following case:

     [EILSEQ]           s points to an invalid or incomplete multibyte

     mbrlen(3), mbtowc(3), setlocale(3)

     The mblen() function conforms to ANSI X3.159-1989 ("ANSI C89").

NetBSD 10.99                   February 3, 2002                   NetBSD 10.99