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MI_SWITCH(9) Kernel Developer's Manual MI_SWITCH(9) NAME mi_switch -- machine independent context switch prelude SYNOPSIS int mi_switch(struct lwp *l); DESCRIPTION The mi_switch() function implements the machine-independent prelude to an LWP context switch. It is called from only a few distinguished places in the kernel code as a result of the principle of non-preemptable kernel mode execution. The three major uses of mi_switch() can be enumerated as follows: 1. From within cv_wait(9) and associated methods when the current LWP voluntarily relinquishes the CPU to wait for some resource to become available. 2. From within preempt(9) when the current LWP voluntarily relinquishes the CPU or when the kernel prepares a return to user-mode execution. 3. In the signal handling code if a signal is delivered that causes an LWP to stop (see issignal(9)). mi_switch() records the amount of time the current LWP has been running in the LWP structure and checks this value against the CPU time limits allocated to the LWP (see getrlimit(2)). Exceeding the soft limit results in a SIGXCPU signal to be posted to the LWP, while exceeding the hard limit will cause a SIGKILL. Unless l->l_switchto is not NULL, mi_switch() will call sched_nextlwp() to select a new LWP from the scheduler's runqueue structures. If no runnable LWP is found, the idle LWP is used. If the new LWP is not equal to the current one, mi_switch() will hand over control to the machine- dependent function cpu_switchto(9) to switch to the new LWP. mi_switch() has to be called with the LWP lock held (through calling lwp_lock() first) and at the splsched(9) interrupt protection level. It returns with the LWP lock released. RETURN VALUES mi_switch() returns 1 if a context switch was performed to a different LWP, 0 otherwise. SEE ALSO condvar(9), cpu_switchto(9), csf(9), pmap(9), ras(9), sched_4bsd(9), splsched(9) NetBSD 7.1.2 July 21, 2007 NetBSD 7.1.2