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MONCONTROL(3) Library Functions Manual MONCONTROL(3) NAME moncontrol, monstartup - control execution profile LIBRARY Standard C Library (libc, -lc) SYNOPSIS moncontrol(int mode); monstartup(u_long *lowpc, u_long *highpc); DESCRIPTION An executable program compiled using the -pg option to cc(1) automatically includes calls to collect statistics for the gprof(1) call- graph execution profiler. In typical operation, profiling begins at program startup and ends when the program calls exit. When the program exits, the profiling data are written to the file gmon.out, then gprof(1) can be used to examine the results. moncontrol() selectively controls profiling within a program. When the program starts, profiling begins. To stop the collection of histogram ticks and call counts use moncontrol(0); to resume the collection of histogram ticks and call counts use moncontrol(1). This feature allows the cost of particular operations to be measured. Note that an output file will be produced on program exit regardless of the state of moncontrol(). Programs that are not loaded with -pg may selectively collect profiling statistics by calling monstartup() with the range of addresses to be profiled. lowpc and highpc specify the address range that is to be sampled; the lowest address sampled is that of lowpc and the highest is just below highpc. Only functions in that range that have been compiled with the -pg option to cc(1) will appear in the call graph part of the output; however, all functions in that address range will have their execution time measured. Profiling begins on return from monstartup(). ENVIRONMENT PROFDIR Directory to place the output file(s) in. When this is set, instead of writing the profiling output to gmon.out, a filename is generated from the process id and name of the program (e.g., 123.a.out). If you are profiling a program that forks, or otherwise creates multiple copies, setting this is the only reasonable way to get all profiling data. FILES gmon.out execution data file SEE ALSO cc(1), gprof(1), profil(2) NetBSD 8.0 June 4, 1993 NetBSD 8.0