I would appreciate any donations. Wishlist or send e-mail type donations to maekawa AT daemon-systems.org.

Thank you.

MSGGET(2)                     System Calls Manual                    MSGGET(2)

     msgget - get message queue identifier

     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

     #include <sys/msg.h>

     msgget(key_t key, int msgflg);

     The msgget() system call returns the message queue identifier associated
     with key.  A message queue identifier is a unique integer greater than

     A message queue is created if either key is equal to IPC_PRIVATE, or key
     does not have a message queue identifier associated with it and the
     IPC_CREAT bit is set in msgflg.  If both the IPC_CREAT bit and the
     IPC_EXCL bit are set in msgflg, and key has a message queue identifier
     associated with it already, the operation will fail.

     If a new message queue is created, the data structure associated with it
     (the msqid_ds structure, see msgctl(2)) is initialized as follows:

        msg_perm.cuid and msg_perm.uid are set to the effective uid of the
         calling process.

        msg_perm.gid and msg_perm.cgid are set to the effective gid of the
         calling process.

        msg_perm.mode is set to the lower 9 bits of msgflg.

        msg_qnum, msg_lspid, msg_lrpid, msg_rtime, and msg_stime are set to

        msg_qbytes is set to the system wide maximum value for the number of
         bytes in a queue (MSGMNB).

        msg_ctime is set to the current time.

     Upon successful completion a positive message queue identifier is
     returned.  Otherwise, -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set
     to indicate the error.

     [EACCES]           A message queue is already associated with key and the
                        caller has no permission to access it.

     [EEXIST]           Both IPC_CREAT and IPC_EXCL are set in msgflg, and a
                        message queue is already associated with key.

     [ENOSPC]           A new message queue could not be created because the
                        system limit for the number of message queues has been

     [ENOENT]           IPC_CREAT is not set in msgflg and no message queue
                        associated with key was found.

     msgctl(2), msgrcv(2), msgsnd(2), ftok(3)

     The msgget system call conforms to X/Open System Interfaces and Headers
     Issue 5 ("XSH5").

     Message queues appeared in the first release of AT&T System V UNIX.

NetBSD 8.0                       May 13, 2004                       NetBSD 8.0