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OPEN_MEMSTREAM(3)          Library Functions Manual          OPEN_MEMSTREAM(3)

NAME
     open_memstream, open_wmemstream - dynamic memory buffer stream open
     functions

LIBRARY
     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <stdio.h>

     FILE *
     open_memstream(char **bufp, size_t *sizep);

     #include <wchar.h>

     FILE *
     open_wmemstream(wchar_t **bufp, size_t *sizep);

DESCRIPTION
     The open_memstream() and open_wmemstream() functions create a write-only,
     seekable stream backed by a dynamically allocated memory buffer.  The
     open_memstream() function creates a byte-oriented stream, while the
     open_wmemstream() function creates a wide-oriented stream.

     Each stream maintains a current position and size.  Initially, the
     position and size are set to zero.  Each write begins at the current
     position and advances it the number of successfully written bytes for
     open_memstream() or wide characters for open_wmemstream().  If a write
     moves the current position beyond the length of the buffer, the length of
     the buffer is extended and a null character is appended to the buffer.

     A stream's buffer always contains a null character at the end of the
     buffer that is not included in the current length.

     If a stream's current position is moved beyond the current length via a
     seek operation and a write is performed, the characters between the
     current length and the current position are filled with null characters
     before the write is performed.

     After a successful call to fclose(3) or fflush(3), the pointer referenced
     by bufp will contain the start of the memory buffer and the variable
     referenced by sizep will contain the smaller of the current position and
     the current buffer length.

     After a successful call to fflush(3), the pointer referenced by bufp and
     the variable referenced by sizep are only valid until the next write
     operation or a call to fclose(3).

     Once a stream is closed, the allocated buffer referenced by bufp should
     be released via a call to free(3) when it is no longer needed.

IMPLEMENTATION NOTES
     Internally all I/O streams are effectively byte-oriented, so using wide-
     oriented operations to write to a stream opened via open_wmemstream()
     results in wide characters being expanded to a stream of multibyte
     characters in stdio's internal buffers.  These multibyte characters are
     then converted back to wide characters when written into the stream.  As
     a result, the wide-oriented streams maintain an internal multibyte
     character conversion state that is cleared on any seek opertion that
     changes the current position.  This should have no effect as long as
     wide-oriented output operations are used on a wide-oriented stream.

RETURN VALUES
     Upon successful completion, open_memstream() and open_wmemstream() return
     a FILE pointer.  Otherwise, NULL is returned and the global variable
     errno is set to indicate the error.

ERRORS
     [EINVAL]           The bufp or sizep argument was NULL.

     [ENOMEM]           Memory for the stream or buffer could not be
                        allocated.

SEE ALSO
     fclose(3), fflush(3), fopen(3), free(3), fseek(3), stdio(3)

STANDARDS
     The open_memstream() and open_wmemstream() functions conform to IEEE Std
     1003.1-2008 ("POSIX.1").

NetBSD 8.0                     October 12, 2014                     NetBSD 8.0