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PTHREAD_SPIN(3) Library Functions Manual PTHREAD_SPIN(3) NAME pthread_spin - spin lock interface LIBRARY POSIX Threads Library (libpthread, -lpthread) SYNOPSIS #include <pthread.h> int pthread_spin_init(pthread_spinlock_t *lock, int pshared); int pthread_spin_destroy(pthread_spinlock_t *lock); int pthread_spin_lock(pthread_spinlock_t *lock); int pthread_spin_trylock(pthread_spinlock_t *lock); int pthread_spin_unlock(pthread_spinlock_t *lock); DESCRIPTION The pthread_spin_init() function is used to initialize a spin lock. In the NetBSD implementation the pshared parameter is currently unused and all spin locks exhibit the PTHREAD_PROCESS_SHARED property, implying that all spin locks may be accessed by threads of multiple processes. The results of calling pthread_spin_init() with an already initialized lock are undefined. The pthread_spin_destroy() function is used to destroy a spin lock previously created with pthread_spin_init(). It is undefined what happens if the function is called when a thread holds the lock, or if the function is called with an uninitialized spin lock. The pthread_spin_lock() function acquires a spin lock on lock, provided that lock is not presently held. If the lock cannot be immediately acquired, the calling thread repeatedly retries until it can acquire the lock. Undefined behavior may follow if the calling thread holds the lock at the time the call is made. The pthread_spin_trylock() function performs the same locking action, but does not block if the lock cannot be immediately obtained; if the lock is held, the call fails. The pthread_spin_unlock() function is used to release the read/write lock previously obtained by pthread_spin_lock() or pthread_spin_trylock(). The results are undefined if the lock is not held by the calling thread. RETURN VALUES If successful, all described functions return zero. Otherwise an error number will be returned to indicate the error. ERRORS The pthread_spin_init() function shall fail if: [ENOMEM] Insufficient memory exists to initialize the lock. The pthread_spin_init() function may fail if: [EINVAL] The lock parameter was NULL or the pshared parameter was neither PTHREAD_PROCESS_SHARED nor PTHREAD_PROCESS_PRIVATE. The pthread_spin_destroy() function may fail if: [EBUSY] The system has detected an attempt to destroy the object referenced by lock while it is locked. [EINVAL] The value specified by lock is invalid. The pthread_spin_trylock() function shall fail if: [EBUSY] The lock could not be acquired because a writer holds the lock or was blocked on it. The pthread_spin_lock() function may fail if: [EDEADLK] The current thread already owns lock for writing. The pthread_spin_lock() and pthread_spin_trylock() functions may fail if: [EINVAL] The value specified by lock is invalid. The pthread_spin_unlock() function may fail if: [EINVAL] The value specified by lock is invalid. SEE ALSO pthread(3), pthread_barrier(3), pthread_cond(3), pthread_mutex(3), pthread_rwlock(3) STANDARDS These functions conform to IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 ("POSIX.1"). CAVEATS Applications using spin locks are vulnerable to the effects of priority inversion. Applications using real-time threads (SCHED_FIFO), (SCHED_RR) should not use these interfaces. Outside carefully controlled environments, priority inversion with spin locks can lead to system deadlock. Mutexes are preferable in nearly every possible use case. NetBSD 8.0 July 8, 2010 NetBSD 8.0