Updated: 2022/Sep/29

Please read Privacy Policy. It's for your privacy.

RLOGIND(8)                  System Manager's Manual                 RLOGIND(8)

     rlogind - remote login server

     rlogind [-alnL]

     rlogind is the server for the rlogin(1) program.  The server provides a
     remote login facility with authentication based on privileged port
     numbers from trusted hosts.

     Options supported by rlogind:

     -a      Ask hostname for verification.

     -l      Prevent any authentication based on the user's ".rhosts" file,
             unless the user is logging in as the superuser.

     -n      Disable keep-alive messages.

     -L      Log all successful accesses to syslogd(8) as auth.info messages.

     rlogind listens for service requests at the port indicated in the
     ``login'' service specification; see services(5).  When a service request
     is received the following protocol is initiated:

     1.   The server checks the client's source port.  If the port is not in
          the range 512-1023, the server aborts the connection.

     2.   The server checks the client's source address and requests the
          corresponding host name (see getnameinfo(3), hosts(5) and named(8)).
          If the hostname cannot be determined, the dot-notation
          representation of the host address is used.  If the hostname is in
          the same domain as the server (according to the last two components
          of the domain name), or if the -a option is given, the addresses for
          the hostname are requested, verifying that the name and address
          correspond.  Normal authentication is bypassed if the address
          verification fails.

     Once the source port and address have been checked, rlogind proceeds with
     the authentication process described in rshd(8).  It then allocates a
     pseudo terminal (see pty(4)), and manipulates file descriptors so that
     the slave half of the pseudo terminal becomes the stdin, stdout, and
     stderr for a login process.  The login process is an instance of the
     login(1) program, invoked with the -f option if authentication has
     succeeded.  If automatic authentication fails, the user is prompted to
     log in as if on a standard terminal line.

     The parent of the login process manipulates the master side of the pseudo
     terminal, operating as an intermediary between the login process and the
     client instance of the rlogin(1) program.  In normal operation, the
     packet protocol described in pty(4) is invoked to provide `^S/^Q' type
     facilities and propagate interrupt signals to the remote programs.  The
     login process propagates the client terminal's baud rate and terminal
     type, as found in the environment variable, `TERM'; see environ(7).  The
     screen or window size of the terminal is requested from the client, and
     window size changes from the client are propagated to the pseudo

     Transport-level keepalive messages are enabled unless the -n option is
     present.  The use of keepalive messages allows sessions to be timed out
     if the client crashes or becomes unreachable.

     At the end of a login session, rlogind invokes the ttyaction(3) facility
     with an action of "rlogind" and user "root" to execute site-specific

     All initial diagnostic messages are indicated by a leading byte with a
     value of 1, after which any network connections are closed.  If there are
     no errors before login(1) is invoked, a null byte is returned as in
     indication of success.

     Try again.
             A fork(2) by the server failed.

     login(1), ruserok(3), ttyaction(3), rshd(8)

     The rlogind command appeared in 4.2BSD.

     The authentication procedure used here assumes the integrity of each
     client machine and the connecting medium.  This is insecure, but is
     useful in an ``open'' environment.

     A facility to allow all data exchanges to be encrypted should be present.

     A more extensible protocol should be used.

     rlogind intentionally rejects accesses from IPv4 mapped address on top of
     AF_INET6 socket, since IPv4 mapped address complicates host-address based
     authentication.  If you would like to accept connections from IPv4 peers,
     you will need to run rlogind on top of AF_INET socket, not AF_INET6

NetBSD 10.99                     July 17, 2004                    NetBSD 10.99