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WCSRTOMBS(3) Library Functions Manual WCSRTOMBS(3) NAME wcsrtombs - converts a wide-character string to a multibyte character string (restartable) LIBRARY Standard C Library (libc, -lc) SYNOPSIS #include <wchar.h> size_t wcsrtombs(char * restrict s, const wchar_t ** restrict pwcs, size_t n, mbstate_t * restrict ps); DESCRIPTION The wcsrtombs() converts the nul-terminated wide-character string indirectly pointed to by pwcs to the corresponding multibyte character string, and stores it in the array pointed to by s. The conversion stops due to the following reasons: ⊕ The conversion reaches a nul wide character. In this case, the nul wide character is also converted. ⊕ The wcsrtombs() has already stored n bytes in the array pointed to by s. ⊕ The conversion encounters an invalid character. Each character will be converted as if wcrtomb(3) is continuously called, except the internal state of wcrtomb(3) will not be affected. After conversion, if s is not a null pointer, the pointer object pointed to by pwcs is a null pointer (if the conversion is stopped due to reaching a nul wide character) or the first byte of the character just after the last character converted. If s is not a null pointer and the conversion is stopped due to reaching a nul wide character, wcsrtombs() places the state object pointed to by ps to an initial state after the conversion is taken place. The behaviour of wcsrtombs() is affected by the LC_CTYPE category of the current locale. These are the special cases: s == NULL wcsrtombs() returns the number of bytes to store the whole multibyte character string corresponding to the wide- character string pointed to by pwcs, not including the terminating nul byte. In this case, n is ignored. pwcs == NULL || *pwcs == NULL Undefined (may cause the program to crash). ps == NULL wcsrtombs() uses its own internal state object to keep the conversion state, instead of ps mentioned in this manual page. Calling any other functions in Standard C Library (libc, -lc) never changes the internal state of wcsrtombs(), which is initialized at startup time of the program. RETURN VALUES wcsrtombs() returns: 0 or positive Number of bytes stored in the array pointed to by s, except for a nul byte. There are no cases that the value returned is greater than n (unless s is a null pointer). If the return value is equal to n, the string pointed to by s will not be nul-terminated. (size_t)-1 pwcs points to a string containing an invalid wide character. The wcsrtombs() also sets errno to indicate the error. ERRORS wcsrtombs() may cause an error in the following case: [EILSEQ] pwcs points to a string containing an invalid wide character. SEE ALSO setlocale(3), wcrtomb(3), wcstombs(3) STANDARDS The wcsrtombs() function conforms to ANSI X3.159-1989 ("ANSI C89"). The restrict qualifier is added at ISO/IEC 9899:1999 ("ISO C99"). NetBSD 8.0 August 8, 2006 NetBSD 8.0