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WSKBD(4)                     Device Drivers Manual                    WSKBD(4)

     wskbd - generic keyboard support in wscons

     wskbd* at pckbd? console ? mux 1 (standard PC keyboard)
     wskbd* at ukbd? console ? mux 1 (USB keyboard)
     wskbd* at lkkbd? console ? mux 1 (DEC LK200/400 serial keyboard)
     wskbd0 at akbd? console ? mux 1 (Apple ADB keyboard)
     wskbd0 at nextkbd? console ? mux 1 (NeXT keyboard)
     wskbd* at vrkiu? console ? mux 1 (NEC VR4000 series HPC keyboard)
     wskbd* at skbd? console ? mux 1 (keyboard of misc hpcmips handheld
     wskbd* at btkbd? console ? mux 1 (Bluetooth keyboard)

     #include <dev/wscons/wsconsio.h>
     #include <dev/wscons/wsksymdef.h>

     The wskbd driver handles common tasks for keyboards within the wscons(4)
     framework.  It is attached to the hardware specific keyboard drivers and
     provides their connection to "wsdisplay" devices and a character device

     The common keyboard support consists of:

        Mapping from keycodes (defined by the specific keyboard driver) to
         keysyms (hardware independent, defined in <dev/wscons/wsksymdef.h>).

        Handling of "compose" sequences.  Characters commonly not present as
         separate key on keyboards can be generated after either a special
         "compose" key is pressed or a "dead accent" character is used.

        Certain translations, like turning an ALT modifier into an ESC

        Automatic key repetition ("typematic").

        Parameter handling for "keyboard bells".

        Generation of "keyboard events" for use by X servers.

     The wskbd driver provides a number of ioctl functions to control key maps
     and other parameters.  These functions are accessible though the
     associated wsdisplay(4) device as well.  A complete list is in
     <dev/wscons/wsconsio.h>.  The wsconsctl(8) utility allows to access key
     maps and other variables.

     The console locator in the configuration line refers to the device's use
     as input part of the operating system console.  A device specification
     containing a positive value here will only match if the device is in use
     as system console.  (The console device selection in early system startup
     is not influenced.)  This way, the console device can be connected to a
     known wskbd device instance.

   Keyboard encodings
     The following encodings are supported.  Device drivers for legacy
     keyboard interfaces may only support a subset of these.  However,
     generally, all encodings are supported by pckbd(4) and ukbd(4).

     wsconsctl         define                  language
     user              KB_USER                 User-defined
     us                KB_US                   English/US keyboard mapping
     uk                KB_UK                   English/UK keyboard mapping
     be                KB_BE                   Belgian
     br                KB_BR                   Brazilian with "dead accents"
     cf                KB_CF                   Canadian French
     cz                KB_CZ                   Czech (QWERTY)
     dk                KB_DK                   Danish with "dead accents"
     nl                KB_NL                   Dutch
     ee                KB_EE                   Estonian with "dead accents"
     fi                KB_FI                   Finnish
     fr                KB_FR                   French
     de                KB_DE                   German QWERTZ with "dead
     neo               KB_NEO                  German Neo 2 layout
     gr                KB_GR                   Greek
     hu                KB_HU                   Hungarian
     is                KB_IS                   Icelandic with "dead accents"
     it                KB_IT                   Italian
     jp                KB_JP                   Japanese
     la                KB_LA                   Latin American Spanish
     no                KB_NO                   Norwegian with "dead accents"
     pl                KB_PL                   Polish
     pt                KB_PT                   Portuguese
     ru                KB_RU                   Russian
     es                KB_ES                   Spanish
     sv                KB_SV                   Swedish with "dead accents"
     sf                KB_SF                   Swiss French
     sg                KB_SG                   Swiss German
     tr                KB_TR                   Turkish (QWERTY) with "dead
     ua                KB_UA                   Ukrainian
     us.declk          KB_US|KB_DECLK          English/US mapping for DEC
                                               LK400-style keyboards with PC
                                               keyboard interface (e.g.,
     us.dvorak         KB_US|KB_DVORAK         English/US keyboard with
                                               "Dvorak" layout
     us.colemak        KB_US|KB_COLEMAK        English/US keyboard with
                                               "Colemak" layout

     The ".nodead" suffix (KB_NODEAD flag) can be applied to layouts with
     "dead accents" to switch them off.

     The KB_US, KB_UK, KB_FR, KB_JP and KB_US|KB_DVORAK mappings can be
     modified to swap the left <Ctrl> and the <CapsLock> keys by the
     KB_SWAPCTRLCAPS variant bit or the ".swapctrlcaps" suffix.

     The ".metaesc" suffix (KB_METAESC flag) option can be applied to any
     layout.  If set, keys pressed together with the ALT modifier are prefixed
     by an ESC character.  (Standard behaviour is to add 128 to the ASCII

     The following ioctl(2) calls are provided by the wskbd driver or by
     devices which use it.  Their definitions are found in

                   Get the keyboard type.

                   Get the keyboard mode, 0 means translated through keyboard
                   map, 1 means raw.

                   Set the keyboard mode.

                   Get and set keyboard bell settings.

                   WSKBDIO_GETDEFAULTKEYREPEAT (struct wskbd_keyrepeat_data)
                   Get and set keyboard autorepeat settings.

                   Get and set keyboard LED settings.

     WSKBDIO_GETMAP, WSKBDIO_SETMAP (struct wskbd_map_data)
                   Get and set keyboard keymapping settings.

                   Get and set keyboard encoding settings.

                   Get and set keyboard keyclick settings.

                   Set the wscons_event protocol version.  The default is 0
                   for binary compatibility.  The latest version is always
                   available as WSKBDIO_EVENT_VERSION, and is currently 1.
                   All new code should use a call similar to the below to
                   ensure the correct version is returned.

                         int ver = WSKBDIO_EVENT_VERSION;
                         if (ioctl(fd, WSKBDIO_SETVERSION, &ver) == -1)
                                 err(EXIT_FAILURE, "cannot set version");


     btkbd(4), pckbd(4), ukbd(4), wscons(4), wsmux(4), wsconsctl(8), wskbd(9)

     The list of builtin mappings doesn't follow any logic.  It grew as people
     submitted what they needed.

NetBSD 10.99                  September 18, 2021                  NetBSD 10.99