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ZYD(4)                       Device Drivers Manual                      ZYD(4)

     zyd - ZyDAS ZD1211/ZD1211B USB IEEE 802.11b/g wireless network device

     zyd* at uhub? port ?

     The zyd driver provides support for wireless network adapters based
     around the ZyDAS ZD1211 and ZD1211B USB chips.

     These are the modes the zyd driver can operate in:

     BSS mode       Also known as infrastructure mode, this is used when
                    associating with an access point, through which all
                    traffic passes.  This mode is the default.

     monitor mode   In this mode the driver is able to receive packets without
                    associating with an access point.  This disables the
                    internal receive filter and enables the card to capture
                    packets from networks which it wouldn't normally have
                    access to, or to scan for access points.

     zyd supports software WEP.  It can be typically configured in one of
     three modes: no encryption; 40-bit encryption; or 104-bit encryption.
     Unfortunately, due to serious weaknesses in WEP protocol it is strongly
     recommended that it not be used as the sole mechanism to secure wireless
     communication.  WEP is not enabled by default.

     The zyd driver can be configured at runtime with ifconfig(8) or on boot
     with ifconfig.if(5) using the following parameters:

     bssid bssid
             Set the desired BSSID.

     -bssid  Unset the desired BSSID.  The interface will automatically select
             a BSSID in this mode, which is the default.

     chan n  Set the channel (radio frequency) to be used by the driver based
             on the given channel ID n.

     -chan   Unset the desired channel to be used by the driver.  The driver
             will automatically select a channel in this mode, which is the

     media media
             The zyd driver supports the following media types:

             autoselect  Enable autoselection of the media type and options.
             DS1         Set 802.11b DS 1Mbps operation.
             DS2         Set 802.11b DS 2Mbps operation.
             DS5         Set 802.11b DS 5.5Mbps operation.
             DS11        Set 802.11b DS 11Mbps operation.

     mediaopt opts
             The zyd driver supports the following media options:

             ibss  Select Independent Basic Service Set (IBSS) operation.

     -mediaopt opts
             Disable the specified media options on the driver and return it
             to the default mode of operation (BSS).

     nwid id
             Set the network ID.  The id can either be any text string up to
             32 characters in length, or a series of hexadecimal digits up to
             64 digits.  An empty id string allows the interface to connect to
             any available access points.  By default the zyd driver uses an
             empty string.  Note that network ID is synonymous with Extended
             Service Set ID (ESSID).

     -nwid   Set the network ID to the empty string to allow the interface to
             connect to any available access point.

     nwkey key
             Enable WEP encryption using the specified key.  The key can
             either be a string, a series of hexadecimal digits (preceded by
             `0x'), or a set of keys of the form "n:k1,k2,k3,k4", where `n'
             specifies which of the keys will be used for transmitted packets,
             and the four keys, "k1" through "k4", are configured as WEP keys.
             If a set of keys is specified, a comma (`,') within the key must
             be escaped with a backslash.  Note that if multiple keys are
             used, their order must be the same within the network.  zyd is
             capable of using both 40-bit (5 characters or 10 hexadecimal
             digits) or 104-bit (13 characters or 26 hexadecimal digits) keys.

     -nwkey  Disable WEP encryption.  This is the default mode of operation.

     The following devices are known to be supported by the zyd driver:

           3COM 3CRUSB10075
           Acer WLAN-G-US1
           Airlink+ AWLL3025
           Airlink 101 AWLL3026
           AOpen 802.11g WL54
           Asus A9T integrated wirless
           Asus WL-159g
           Belkin F5D7050 v.4000
           Billion BiPAC 3011G
           Buffalo WLI-U2-KG54L
           CC&C WL-2203B
           DrayTek Vigor 550
           Edimax EW-7317UG
           Edimax EW-7317LDG
           Fiberline Networks WL-43OU
           iNexQ UR055g
           Linksys WUSBF54G
           Longshine LCS-8131G3
           MSI US54SE
           Philips SNU5600
           Planet WL-U356
           Planex GW-US54GZ
           Planex GW-US54GZL
           Planex GW-US54Mini
           Safecom SWMULZ-5400
           Sagem XG 760A
           Sagem XG 76NA
           Sandberg Wireless G54 USB
           Sitecom WL-113
           SMC SMCWUSB-G
           Sweex wireless USB 54 Mbps
           Tekram/Siemens USB adapter
           Telegent TG54USB
           Trendnet TEW-424UB
           Trendnet TEW-429UB
           TwinMOS G240
           US Robotics 5423
           X-Micro XWL-11GUZX
           Yakumo QuickWLAN USB
           Zonet ZEW2501
           ZyXEL ZyAIR G-220

     The adapter needs some firmware files, which are loaded on demand by the
     driver when a device is attached:

     See firmload(9) for how to change this.

     The following ifconfig.if(5) example configures zyd0 to join whatever
     network is available on boot, using WEP key "0x1deadbeef1", channel 11:

           inet netmask nwkey 0x1deadbeef1 chan 11

     Configure zyd0 for WEP, using hex key "0x1deadbeef1":

           # ifconfig zyd0 nwkey 0x1deadbeef1

     Return zyd0 to its default settings:

           # ifconfig zyd0 -bssid -chan media autoselect \
                   nwid "" -nwkey

     Join an existing BSS network, "my_net":

           # ifconfig zyd0 netmask 0xffffff00 nwid my_net

     zyd%d: could not read firmware file %s (error=%d)  For some reason, the
     driver was unable to read the firmware file from the filesystem.  The
     file might be missing or corrupted.

     zyd%d: could not load firmware (error=%d)  An error occurred while
     attempting to upload the firmware to the onboard microcontroller unit.

     zyd%d: could not send command (error=%s)  An attempt to send a command to
     the firmware failed.

     zyd%d: sorry, radio %s is not supported yet  Support for the specified
     radio chip is not yet implemented in the driver.  The device will not

     zyd%d: device version mismatch: 0x%x (only >= 43.30 supported)  Early
     revisions of the ZD1211 chipset are not supported by this driver.  The
     device will not attach.

     zyd%d: device timeout  A frame dispatched to the hardware for
     transmission did not complete in time.  The driver will reset the
     hardware.  This should not happen.

     arp(4), ifmedia(4), intro(4), netintro(4), usb(4), ifconfig.if(5),
     ifconfig(8), firmload(9)

     The zyd driver was written by Florian Stoehr <ich@florian-stoehr.de>,
     Damien Bergamini <damien@openbsd.org>, and Jonathan Gray

     The zyd driver does not support a lot of the functionality available in
     the hardware.  More work is required to properly support the IBSS and
     power management features.

NetBSD 9.99                     March 24, 2019                     NetBSD 9.99