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ATOMIC_CAS(3)              Library Functions Manual              ATOMIC_CAS(3)

NAME
     atomic_cas, atomic_cas_32, atomic_cas_uint, atomic_cas_ulong,
     atomic_cas_ptr, atomic_cas_64, atomic_cas_32_ni, atomic_cas_uint_ni,
     atomic_cas_ulong_ni, atomic_cas_ptr_ni, atomic_cas_64_ni -- atomic
     compare-and-swap operations

SYNOPSIS
     #include <sys/atomic.h>

     uint32_t
     atomic_cas_32(volatile uint32_t *ptr, uint32_t expected, uint32_t new);

     unsigned int
     atomic_cas_uint(volatile unsigned int *ptr, unsigned int expected,
         unsigned int new);

     unsigned long
     atomic_cas_ulong(volatile unsigned long *ptr, unsigned long expected,
         unsigned long new);

     void *
     atomic_cas_ptr(volatile void *ptr, void *expected, void *new);

     uint64_t
     atomic_cas_64(volatile uint64_t *ptr, uint64_t expected, uint64_t new);

     uint32_t
     atomic_cas_32_ni(volatile uint32_t *ptr, uint32_t expected,
         uint32_t new);

     unsigned int
     atomic_cas_uint_ni(volatile unsigned int *ptr, unsigned int expected,
         unsigned int new);

     unsigned long
     atomic_cas_ulong_ni(volatile unsigned long *ptr, unsigned long expected,
         unsigned long new);

     void *
     atomic_cas_ptr_ni(volatile void *ptr, void *expected, void *new);

     uint64_t
     atomic_cas_64_ni(volatile uint64_t *ptr, uint64_t expected,
         uint64_t new);

DESCRIPTION
     The atomic_cas family of functions perform an atomic conditional
     assignment.  The value new is assigned to the variable referenced by ptr.
     The assignment succeeds if and only if its current value matches the
     value expected.  If the value is different, the assignment fails and no
     change is made.  This operation is sometimes known as
     ``compare-and-swap''.  These functions always return the value found via
     ptr.  Callers test for success by comparing the return value to the value
     passed as expected; if they are equal then the new value was stored; if
     they are not, the value was not changed.

     The non-interlocked variants, *_ni(), guarantee atomicity within the same
     CPU with respect to interrupts and preemption.  They are not atomic with
     respect to different CPUs.  These can be used to avoid interprocessor
     synchronization overhead in some cases; for example, they are suitable
     for synchronized operations on a variable shared by a thread and an
     interrupt that are bound to the same CPU.

     The 64-bit variants of these functions are available only on platforms
     that can support atomic 64-bit memory access.  Applications can check for
     the availability of 64-bit atomic memory operations by testing if the
     pre-processor macro __HAVE_ATOMIC64_OPS is defined.

SEE ALSO
     atomic_ops(3)

HISTORY
     The atomic_cas functions first appeared in NetBSD 5.0.

NOTES
     On some architectures, a *_ni() variant is merely an alias for the
     corresponding standard compare-and-swap operation.  While the non-
     interlocked variant behaves correctly on those architectures, it does not
     avoid the interprocessor synchronization overhead.

NetBSD 7.1.2                   February 2, 2014                   NetBSD 7.1.2