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BINDRESVPORT(3)            Library Functions Manual            BINDRESVPORT(3)

     bindresvport, bindresvport_sa - bind a socket to a reserved privileged IP

     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <rpc/rpc.h>

     bindresvport(int sd, struct sockaddr_in *sin);

     bindresvport_sa(int sd, struct sockaddr *sa);

     bindresvport() and bindresvport_sa() are used to bind a socket descriptor
     to a reserved privileged IP port, that is, a port number in the range
     0-1023.  The routine returns 0 if it is successful, otherwise -1 is
     returned and errno set to reflect the cause of the error.

     If sin is a pointer to a struct sockaddr_in then the appropriate fields
     in the structure should be defined.  Note that sin->sin_family must be
     initialized to the address family of the socket, passed by sd.  If
     sin->sin_port is `0' then a port (in the range 600-1023) will be chosen,
     and if bind(2) is successful, the sin->sin_port will be updated to
     contain the allocated port.

     If sin is the NULL pointer, a port will be allocated (as above).
     However, there is no way for bindresvport() to return the allocated port
     in this case.  getsockname(2) can be used to determine the assigned port.

     Only root can bind to a privileged port; this call will fail for any
     other users.

     Function prototype of bindresvport() is biased to AF_INET socket.
     bindresvport_sa() acts exactly the same, with more neutral function
     prototype.  Note that both functions behave exactly the same, and both
     support AF_INET6 sockets as well as AF_INET sockets.

     If the bind is successful, a 0 value is returned.  A return value of -1
     indicates an error, which is further specified in the global errno.

     [EPFNOSUPPORT]     If second argument was supplied, and address family
                        did not match between arguments.

     bindresvport() may also fail and set errno for any of the errors
     specified for the calls bind(2), getsockopt(2), or setsockopt(2).

     bind(2), getsockname(2), getsockopt(2), setsockopt(2), ip(4)

NetBSD 9.99                    January 27, 2007                    NetBSD 9.99