Updated: 2022/Sep/29

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DNSSEC-VERIFY(8)                    BIND 9                    DNSSEC-VERIFY(8)

       dnssec-verify - DNSSEC zone verification tool

       dnssec-verify [-c class] [-E engine] [-I input-format] [-o origin] [-q]
       [-v level] [-V] [-x] [-z] {zonefile}

       dnssec-verify verifies that a zone is fully signed for each algorithm
       found in the DNSKEY RRset for the zone, and that the NSEC/NSEC3 chains
       are complete.


       -c class
              This option specifies the DNS class of the zone.

       -E engine
              This option specifies the cryptographic hardware to use, when

              When BIND 9 is built with OpenSSL, this needs to be set to the
              OpenSSL engine identifier that drives the cryptographic
              accelerator or hardware service module (usually pkcs11). When
              BIND is built with native PKCS#11 cryptography
              (--enable-native-pkcs11), it defaults to the path of the PKCS#11
              provider library specified via --with-pkcs11.

       -I input-format
              This option sets the format of the input zone file. Possible
              formats are text (the default) and raw. This option is primarily
              intended to be used for dynamic signed zones, so that the dumped
              zone file in a non-text format containing updates can be
              verified independently.  This option is not useful for
              non-dynamic zones.

       -o origin
              This option indicates the zone origin. If not specified, the
              name of the zone file is assumed to be the origin.

       -v level
              This option sets the debugging level.

       -V     This option prints version information.

       -q     This option sets quiet mode, which suppresses output.  Without
              this option, when dnssec-verify is run it prints to standard
              output the number of keys in use, the algorithms used to verify
              the zone was signed correctly, and other status information.
              With this option, all non-error output is suppressed, and only
              the exit code indicates success.

       -x     This option verifies only that the DNSKEY RRset is signed with
              key-signing keys.  Without this flag, it is assumed that the
              DNSKEY RRset is signed by all active keys. When this flag is
              set, it is not an error if the DNSKEY RRset is not signed by
              zone-signing keys. This corresponds to the -x option in

       -z     This option indicates that the KSK flag on the keys should be
              ignored when determining whether the zone is correctly signed.
              Without this flag, it is assumed that there is a non-revoked,
              self-signed DNSKEY with the KSK flag set for each algorithm, and
              that RRsets other than DNSKEY RRset are signed with a different
              DNSKEY without the KSK flag set.

              With this flag set, BIND 9 only requires that for each
              algorithm, there be at least one non-revoked, self-signed
              DNSKEY, regardless of the KSK flag state, and that other RRsets
              be signed by a non-revoked key for the same algorithm that
              includes the self-signed key; the same key may be used for both
              purposes. This corresponds to the -z option in dnssec-signzone.

              This option indicates the file containing the zone to be signed.

       dnssec-signzone(8), BIND 9 Administrator Reference Manual, RFC 4033.

       Internet Systems Consortium

       2023, Internet Systems Consortium

9.16.42                                                       DNSSEC-VERIFY(8)