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FUNOPEN(3)                 Library Functions Manual                 FUNOPEN(3)

     funopen, funopen2, fropen, fropen2, fwopen, fwopen2 - open a stream

     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

     #include <stdio.h>

     FILE *
     funopen(void *cookie, int (*readfn)(void *, char *, int),
         int (*writefn)(void *, const char *, int),
         off_t (*seekfn)(void *, off_t, int), int (*closefn)(void *));

     FILE *
     funopen2(void *cookie, ssize_t (*readfn)(void *, void *, size_t),
         ssize_t (*writefn)(void *, const void *, size_t),
         off_t (*seekfn)(void *, off_t, int), int (*flushfn)(void *),
         int (*closefn)(void *));

     FILE *
     fropen(void *cookie, int (*readfn)(void *, char *, int));

     FILE *
     fropen2(void *cookie, ssize_t (*readfn)(void *, void *, size_t));

     FILE *
     fwopen(void *cookie, int (*writefn)(void *, const char *, int));

     FILE *
     fwopen2(void *cookie, ssize_t (*writefn)(void *, const void *, size_t));

     The funopen() function associates a stream with up to four "I/O
     functions".  Either readfn or writefn must be specified; the others can
     be given as an appropriately-typed NULL pointer.  These I/O functions
     will be used to read, write, seek and close the new stream.

     The funopen2() function provides sightly different read and write
     signatures, which match the corresponding system calls better, plus the
     ability to augment the stream's default flushing function.  If a flushing
     function is provided, it is called after all data has been written to the

     In general, omitting a function means that any attempt to perform the
     associated operation on the resulting stream will fail.  If the close
     function is omitted, closing the stream will flush any buffered output
     and then succeed.

     The calling conventions of readfn, writefn, seekfn and closefn must match
     those, respectively, of read(2), write(2), lseek(2), and close(2); except
     that they are passed the cookie argument specified to funopen() in place
     of the traditional file descriptor argument.

     Read and write I/O functions are allowed to change the underlying buffer
     on fully buffered or line buffered streams by calling setvbuf(3).  They
     are also not required to completely fill or empty the buffer.  They are
     not, however, allowed to change streams from unbuffered to buffered or to
     change the state of the line buffering flag.  They must also be prepared
     to have read or write calls occur on buffers other than the one most
     recently specified.

     All user I/O functions can report an error by returning -1.
     Additionally, all of the functions should set the external variable errno
     appropriately if an error occurs.

     An error on closefn does not keep the stream open.

     As a convenience, the include file <stdio.h> defines the macros fropen()
     and fwopen() as calls to funopen() with only a read or write function

     Upon successful completion, funopen() returns a FILE pointer.  Otherwise,
     NULL is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the

     [EINVAL]           The funopen() function was called without either a
                        read or write function.  The funopen() function may
                        also fail and set errno for any of the errors
                        specified for the routine malloc(3).

     fcntl(2), open(2), fclose(3), fmemopen(3), fopen(3), fseek(3), setbuf(3)

     The funopen() functions first appeared in 4.4BSD.  The funopen2()
     functions first appeared in NetBSD 7.0.

     All these functions are specific to NetBSD and thus unportable.

NetBSD 10.99                    March 16, 2012                    NetBSD 10.99