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GETDELIM(3) Library Functions Manual GETDELIM(3) NAME getdelim, getline - read a delimited record from a stream LIBRARY Standard C Library (libc, -lc) SYNOPSIS #include <stdio.h> ssize_t getdelim(char ** restrict lineptr, size_t * restrict n, int delimiter, FILE * restrict stream); ssize_t getline(char ** restrict lineptr, size_t * restrict n, FILE * restrict stream); DESCRIPTION The getdelim() function reads from the stream until it encounters a character matching delimiter or EOF, storing the input in *lineptr. The buffer is NUL-terminated and includes the delimiter, if one was found. The delimiter character must be representable as an unsigned char. If *n is non-zero, then *lineptr must be pre-allocated to at least *n bytes. The buffer should be allocated dynamically; it must be possible to free(3) *lineptr. getdelim() ensures that *lineptr is large enough to hold the input, updating *n to reflect the new size. The getline() function is equivalent to getdelim() with delimiter set to the newline character. RETURN VALUES The getdelim() and getline() functions return the number of characters read, including the delimiter if one was found. If no characters were read and the stream is at end-of-file, the functions return -1. If an error occurs, the functions return -1 and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error. The functions do not distinguish between end-of-file and error, and callers must use feof(3) and ferror(3) to determine which occurred. EXAMPLES The following code fragment reads lines from a file and writes them to standard output. char *line = NULL; size_t linesize = 0; ssize_t linelen; while ((linelen = getline(&line, &linesize, fp)) != -1) fwrite(line, linelen, 1, stdout); if (ferror(fp)) perror("getline"); ERRORS [EINVAL] lineptr or n is a NULL pointer. [EOVERFLOW] More than SSIZE_MAX characters were read without encountering the delimiter. The getdelim() and getline() functions may also fail and set errno for any of the errors specified in the routines fflush(3), malloc(3), read(2), stat(2), or realloc(3). SEE ALSO ferror(3), fgets(3), fopen(3), strlen(3) STANDARDS The getdelim() and getline() functions conform to IEEE Std 1003.1-2008 ("POSIX.1"). NOTES The getdelim() and getline() functions can return results that include NUL characters, which can cause the apparent length reported by strlen(3) to be less than the true length reported by the return values of the functions. NetBSD 8.0 September 15, 2014 NetBSD 8.0