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I386_GET_MTRR(2)          System Calls Manual (i386)          I386_GET_MTRR(2)

     i386_get_mtrr, i386_set_mtrr - access Memory Type Range Registers

     i386 Architecture Library (libi386, -li386)

     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <machine/sysarch.h>
     #include <machine/mtrr.h>

     i386_get_mtrr(struct mtrr *mtrrp, int *n);

     i386_set_mtrr(struct mtrr *mtrrp, int *n);

     These functions provide an interface to the MTRR registers found on
     686-class processors for controlling processor access to memory ranges.
     This is most useful for accessing devices such as video accelerators on
     pci(4) and agp(4) buses.  For example, enabling write-combining allows
     bus-write transfers to be combined into a larger transfer before bursting
     over the bus.  This can increase performance of write operations 2.5
     times or more.

     mtrrp is a pointer to one or more mtrr structures, as described below.
     The n argument is a pointer to an integer containing the number of
     structures pointed to by mtrrp.  For i386_set_mtrr() the integer pointed
     to by n will be updated to reflect the actual number of MTRRs
     successfully set.  For i386_get_mtrr() no more than n structures will be
     copied out, and the integer value pointed to by n will be updated to
     reflect the actual number of valid structures retrieved.  A NULL argument
     to mtrrp will result in just the number of MTRRs available being returned
     in the integer pointed to by n.

     The argument mtrrp has the following structure:

     struct mtrr {
             uint64_t base;
             uint64_t len;
             uint8_t type;
             int flags;
             pid_t owner;

     The location of the mapping is described by its physical base address
     base and length len.  Valid values for type are:

           MTRR_TYPE_UC      uncached memory
           MTRR_TYPE_WC      use write-combining
           MTRR_TYPE_WT      use write-through caching
           MTRR_TYPE_WP      write-protected memory
           MTRR_TYPE_WB      use write-back caching

     Valid values for flags are:

           MTRR_PRIVATE  own range, reset the MTRR when the current process
           MTRR_FIXED    use fixed range MTRR
           MTRR_VALID    entry is valid

     The owner member is the PID of the user process which claims the mapping.
     It is only valid if MTRR_PRIVATE is set in flags.  To clear/reset MTRRs,
     use a flags field without MTRR_VALID set.

     Upon successful completion zero is returned, otherwise -1 is returned on
     failure, and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error.  The
     integer value pointed to by n will contain the number of successfully
     processed mtrr structures in both cases.

     [ENOSYS]  The currently running kernel or CPU has no MTRR support.

     [EINVAL]  The currently running kernel has no MTRR support, or one of the
               mtrr structures pointed to by mtrrp is invalid.

     [EBUSY]   No unused MTRRs are available.

     The i386_get_mtrr() and i386_set_mtrr() functions appeared in NetBSD 1.6.

NetBSD 9.99                    November 10, 2001                   NetBSD 9.99