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MT(1) General Commands Manual MT(1) NAME mt - magnetic tape manipulation SYNOPSIS mt [-f tapename] command [count] DESCRIPTION The mt program is used to give commands to a magnetic tape drive. By default mt performs the requested operation once. Operations may be performed multiple times by specifying count. Note that tapename must reference a raw (not block) tape device. If tapename is of the form "host:tapename", or "user@host:tapename", mt writes to the named tape device on the remote host using rmt(8). The rmt(8) process on the remote host is typically initiated via rsh(1), although an alternate method such as ssh(1) can be specified via the RCMD_CMD environment variable. The available commands are listed below. Only as many characters as are required to uniquely identify a command need be specified. asf Move forward count files from the beginning of the tape. This is accomplished by a rewind followed by fsf count. eof, weof Write count end-of-file marks at the current position on the tape. fsf Forward space count files. fsr Forward space count records. bsf Back space count files. bsr Back space count records. rewind Rewind the tape. (The count is ignored.) offline, rewoffl Rewind the tape and place the tape unit off-line. Where supported, this ejects the tape. (The count is ignored.) status Print status information about the tape unit. (The count is ignored.) retension Retensions the tape. Not all tape drives support this feature. (The count is ignored.) erase Erases the tape Not all tape drives support this feature. (The count is ignored.) eew Enable or disable early warning EOM behaviour. Set count to nonzero to enable, zero to disable. eom Forward space to the end of recorded media. (The count is ignored.) blocksize, setblk Set the tape blocksize to count bytes. A count of zero sets variable blocksize. density, setdensity Set the tape density code to count as specified in the SCSI-3 specification. See the DENSITY CODES section for a list of codes for commonly used media types. rdspos Read the logical block position of the tape. Not all tape drives support this feature. (The count is ignored.) rdhpos Read the hardware block position of the tape. Not all tape drives support this feature. (The count is ignored.) setspos Set the logical block position of the tape to count. Not all tape drives support this feature. sethpos Set the hardware block position of the tape to count. Not all tape drives support this feature. compress If count is zero, disable compression. Otherwise enable compression. Not all tape drives support this feature. If a tape name is not specified, and the environment variable TAPE is not set, then mt uses the device /dev/nrst0. ENVIRONMENT If the following environment variables exist, they are used by mt. TAPE mt uses device filename given in the TAPE environment variable if the tapename argument is not given. RCMD_CMD mt will use RCMD_CMD rather than /usr/bin/rsh to invoke rmt(8) on a remote machine. The full path name must be specified. FILES /dev/rst* Raw SCSI tape device /dev/rmt* Raw magnetic tape device EXIT STATUS mt returns a 0 exit status when the operation(s) were successful, 1 if the command was unrecognized, and 2 if an operation failed. DENSITY CODES The SCSI-3 specification defines a number of density codes for various tape media, some of which are listed here. Note that many tape drive vendors also define model-specific codes. Code Format 0 Device default 1 1/2" 800 bpi 2 1/2" 1600 bpi 3 1/2" 6250 bpi 4 QIC-11 5 QIC-24 15 QIC-120 16 QIC-150 17 QIC-320/525 18 QIC-1320/1350 19 DDS 28 QIC-385M 29 QIC-410M 30 QIC-1000C 31 QIC-2100C 32 QIC-6GB 33 QIC-20GB 34 QIC-2GB 35 QIC-875M 36 DDS-2 37 DDS-3 38 DDS-4 SEE ALSO dd(1), ioctl(2), mtio(4), st(4), environ(7) HISTORY The mt utility appeared in 4.3BSD. NetBSD 8.0 March 9, 2008 NetBSD 8.0