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PCI_INTR(9)                Kernel Developer's Manual               PCI_INTR(9)

     pci_intr, pci_intr_map, pci_intr_string, pci_intr_evcnt,
     pci_intr_establish, pci_intr_establish_xname, pci_intr_disestablish,
     pci_intr_setattr - PCI bus interrupt manipulation functions

     #include <dev/pci/pcivar.h>

     pci_intr_map(const struct pci_attach_args *pa, pci_intr_handle_t *ih);

     const char *
     pci_intr_string(pci_chipset_tag_t pc, pci_intr_handle_t ih, char *buf,
         size_t len);

     const struct evcnt *
     pci_intr_evcnt(pci_chipset_tag_t pc, pci_intr_handle_t ih);

     void *
     pci_intr_establish(pci_chipset_tag_t pc, pci_intr_handle_t ih, int ipl,
         int (*intrhand)(void *), void *intrarg);

     void *
     pci_intr_establish_xname(pci_chipset_tag_t pc, pci_intr_handle_t ih,
         int ipl, int (*intrhand)(void *), void *intrarg, const char *xname);

     pci_intr_disestablish(pci_chipset_tag_t pc, void *ih);

     pci_intr_setattr(pci_chipset_tag_t pc, pci_intr_handle_t *ih, int attr,
         uint64_t data);

     The pci_intr functions exist to allow device drivers machine-independent
     access to PCI bus interrupts.  The functions described in this page are
     typically declared in a port's <machine/pci_machdep.h> header file;
     however, drivers should generally include <dev/pci/pcivar.h> to get other
     PCI-specific declarations as well.

     Each driver has an attach() function which has a bus-specific attach_args
     structure.  Each driver for a PCI device is passed a pointer to an object
     of type struct pci_attach_args which contains, among other things,
     information about the location of the device in the PCI bus topology
     sufficient to allow interrupts from the device to be handled.

     If a driver wishes to establish an interrupt handler for the device, it
     should pass the struct pci_attach_args * to the pci_intr_map() function,
     which returns zero on success, and nonzero on failure.  The function sets
     the pci_intr_handle_t pointed at by its second argument to a machine-
     dependent value which identifies a particular interrupt source.

     If the driver wishes to refer to the interrupt source in an attach or
     error message, it should use the value returned by pci_intr_string().
     The buffer passed to pci_intr_string() should be at least PCI_INTRSTR_LEN

     Subsequently, when the driver is prepared to receive interrupts, it
     should call pci_intr_establish() to actually establish the handler; when
     the device interrupts, intrhand will be called with a single argument
     intrarg, and will run at the interrupt priority level ipl.

     The return value of pci_intr_establish() may be saved and passed to
     pci_intr_disestablish() to disable the interrupt handler when the driver
     is no longer interested in interrupts from the device.

     pci_intr_establish_xname() is almost the same as pci_intr_establish().
     The difference is only xname which is used by intrctl(8) to show the
     device name(s) of the interrupt id.

     The pci_intr_setattr() function sets an attribute attr of the interrupt
     handler to data.  Currently, only the following attribute is supported:

     PCI_INTR_MPSAFE  If this attribute is set to true, it specifies that the
                      interrupt handler is multiprocessor safe and works its
                      own locking; otherwise the kernel lock will be held for
                      the call to the interrupt handler.  The default is

     The pci_intr_setattr() function returns zero on success, and nonzero on

     The pci_intr_evcnt() function should return an evcnt structure pointer or
     NULL if there is no evcnt associated with this interrupt.  See evcnt(9)
     for more details.

     A port's implementation of pci_intr_map() may use the following members
     of struct pci_attach_args to determine how the device's interrupts are

             pci_chipset_tag_t pa_pc;
             pcitag_t pa_tag;
             pcitag_t pa_intrtag; /* intr. appears to come from here */
             pci_intr_pin_t pa_intrpin; /* intr. appears on this pin */
             pci_intr_line_t pa_intrline; /* intr. routing information */
             pci_intr_pin_t pa_rawintrpin; /* unswizzled pin */

     PCI-PCI bridges swizzle (permute) interrupt wiring.  Depending on
     implementation details, it may be more convenient to use either original
     or the swizzled interrupt parameters.  The original device tag and
     interrupt pin can be found in pa_tag and pa_rawintrpin respectively,
     while the swizzled tag and pin can be found in pa_intrtag and pa_intrpin.

     When a device is attached to a primary bus, both pairs of fields contain
     the same values.  When a device is found behind one or more pci-pci
     bridges, pa_intrpin contains the "swizzled" interrupt pin number, while
     pa_rawintrpin contains the original interrupt pin; pa_tag contains the
     PCI tag of the device itself, and pa_intrtag contains the PCI tag of the
     uppermost bridge device.

     evcnt(9), pci(9), pci_msi(9)

     pci_intr_establish_xname() was added in NetBSD 8.0 as part of MSI/MSI-X

NetBSD 10.99                  September 20, 2018                  NetBSD 10.99