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PRINTCAP(5)                   File Formats Manual                  PRINTCAP(5)

     printcap - printer capability data base


     The printcap data base is used to describe line printers.  The spooling
     system accesses the printcap file every time it is used, allowing dynamic
     addition and deletion of printers.  Each entry in the data base is used
     to describe one printer.

     The default printer is normally lp, though the environment variable
     PRINTER may be used to override this.  Each spooling utility supports an
     option, -P printer, to allow explicit naming of a destination printer.

     Refer to the 4.3 BSD Line Printer Spooler Manual for a complete
     discussion on how to set up the database for a given printer.

     Refer to capfile(5) for a description of the file layout.

     Name    Type    Default                  Description
     af      str     NULL                     name of accounting file
     br      num     none                     if lp is a tty, set the baud
                                              rate (ioctl(2) call)
     cf      str     NULL                     cifplot data filter
     df      str     NULL                     tex data filter (DVI format)
     fc      num     0                        if lp is a tty, clear flag bits
     ff      str     `\f'                     string to send for a form feed
     fo      bool    false                    print a form feed when device is
     fs      num     0                        like `fc' but set bits
     gf      str     NULL                     graph data filter (plot(3)
     hl      bool    false                    print the burst header page last
     ic      bool    false                    driver supports (non standard)
                                              ioctl to indent printout
     if      str     NULL                     name of text filter which does
     lf      str     /dev/console             error logging file name
     lo      str     lock                     name of lock file
     lp      str     /dev/lp                  device name to open for output
                                              to local printer, or port@host
                                              for remote printer/printer on
                                              print server
     ms      str     NULL                     list of terminal modes to set or
     mx      num     1000                     maximum file size (in BUFSIZ
                                              blocks), zero = unlimited
     nd      str     NULL                     next directory for list of
                                              queues (unimplemented)
     nf      str     NULL                     ditroff data filter (device
                                              independent troff)
     of      str     NULL                     name of output filtering program
     pc      num     200                      price per foot or page in
                                              hundredths of cents
     pf      str     NULL                     filter for printing PostScript
     pl      num     66                       page length (in lines)
     pw      num     132                      page width (in characters)
     px      num     0                        page width in pixels
     py      num     0                        page length in pixels (vertical)
     rf      str     NULL                     filter for printing FORTRAN
                                              style text files
     rg      str     NULL                     restricted group. Only members
                                              of group allowed access
     rm      str     NULL                     machine name for remote printer
                                              or port@host for a remote
                                              printer on a port other than the
                                              standard port. (also suppress
                                              the burst page, see NOTES)
     rp      str     ``lp''                   remote printer name argument
     rs      bool    false                    restrict remote users to those
                                              with local accounts
     rw      bool    false                    open the printer device for
                                              reading and writing
     sb      bool    false                    short banner (one line only)
     sc      bool    false                    suppress multiple copies
     sd      str     /var/spool/output/lpd    spool directory
     sf      bool    false                    suppress form feeds
     sh      bool    false                    suppress printing of burst page
                                              header (local only, see NOTES)
     st      str     status                   status file name
     tf      str     NULL                     troff data filter (cat
     tr      str     NULL                     trailer string to print when
                                              queue empties
     vf      str     NULL                     raster image filter
     xc      num     0                        if lp is a tty, clear local mode
                                              bits (tty(4))
     xs      num     0                        like `xc' but set bits

     If the local line printer driver supports indentation, the daemon must
     understand how to invoke it.

     If a printer is specified via lp (either local or remote), the lpd(8)
     daemon creates a pipeline of filters to process files for various printer
     types.  The pipeline is not set up for remote printers specified via rm
     unless the local host is the same as the remote printer host given or
     lpd(8) is run with the -r flag.  The filters selected depend on the flags
     passed to lpr(1).  The pipeline set up is:

           p       pr | if regular text + pr(1)
           none    if      regular text
           c       cf      cifplot
           d       df      DVI (tex)
           g       gf      plot(3)
           n       nf      ditroff
           o       pf      PostScript
           f       rf      Fortran
           t       tf      troff
           v       vf      raster image

     The if filter is invoked with arguments:

           if [-c] -wwidth -llength -iindent -n login [-j jobname] -h host

     The -c flag is passed only if the -l flag (pass control characters
     literally) is specified to lpr(1).  The width and length specify the page
     width and length (from pw and pl respectively) in characters.  The -n and
     -h parameters specify the login name and host name of the owner of the
     job respectively.  The -j parameter is optional and specifies the name of
     the print job if available.  The acct-file option is passed from the af
     printcap entry.

     If no if is specified, of is used instead, with the distinction that of
     is opened only once, while if is opened for every individual job.  Thus,
     if is better suited to performing accounting.  The of is only given the
     width and length flags.

     All other filters are called as:

           filter -xwidth -ylength -n login [-j jobname] -h host acct-file

     where width and length are represented in pixels, specified by the px and
     py entries respectively.

     All filters take stdin as the file, stdout as the printer, may log either
     to stderr or using syslog(3), and must not ignore SIGINT.

     Filters can communicate errors to lpd by their exit code and by modifying
     the mode of the spool lock file as follows:
           Exit code  Description
           0          Success.
           1          An attempt is made to reprint the job and mail is sent
                      if it fails.
           2          lpd(8) silently discards the job.
           n          lpd(8) discards the job and mail is sent.
           lock code  Description
           u+x        Stop printing and leave queue disabled (S_IXUSR).
           o+x        Rebuild the queue (S_IXOTH).

     Error messages generated by the line printer programs themselves (that
     is, the lp* programs) are logged by syslog(3) using the LPR facility.
     Messages printed on stderr of one of the filters are sent to the
     corresponding lf file.  The filters may, of course, use syslog(3)

     Error messages sent to the console have a carriage return and a line feed
     appended to them, rather than just a line feed.

     lpq(1), lpr(1), lprm(1), capfile(5), lpc(8), lpd(8), pac(8)

     4.3 BSD Line Printer Spooler Manual.

     The sh flag is a function of the spooler with the locally attached
     printer, and so has no effect when used with rm.  NetBSD never adds a
     burst page when used as a remote spooler.  To suppress the burst page for
     other systems or dedicated devices, refer to the documentation for those
     systems or devices.

     The printcap file format appeared in 4.2BSD.

NetBSD 10.99                   October 21, 2022                   NetBSD 10.99